.. towards Cathay. The tactics he had learned in Hsi Hsia did not helped him conquer the large fortified towns of Cathay. Genghis Khan and his army were not used to laying siege to a town so he found it difficult to conquer the Chinese. He had to slowly develop new tactics of conquering these largely fortified towns.

As Genghis Khan proceeded through Cathay he laid waste to many cities and villages and utterly destroyed everything in his path. Animals were captured, treasures were stolen and the Cathayan citizens were left empty handed. After many years of fierce fighting, Genghis Khan finally conquered the city of Peking which was the center of Cathay. With this accomplished he turned back to Mongolia. Genghis Khan heads westwards. He soon learned of the vast empires that laid to the West.

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Unknown until then, there were several empires such as Kara Kitai Empire, Khorezm Empire and the Empire of Islam. He soon set off with his army to conquer the vast lands to the West. The empire of Kara Kitai was easily crushed by him and his horde. When he reached Khorezm Empire he encountered great walled cities similar to the ones in Cathay. He then employed his siege tactics learned in Cathay to the Muslim of Khorezm.

He knew how to break down walls, his fearsome reputation preceded him and many towns would give up on sight of his army in fear of their lives if they resisted. Genghis Khan finally destroyed Bukahara, Samarkand, and Gurgan which were at the time the centers of the Muslim-Persian civilization. Genghis Khan returns to his homeland in the Gobi. After his long campaign he returned to the Gobi carrying with him thousands of thousands of treasures and riches from his conquests. He brought spices from the Middle East and paper and writing from China.

Though an illiterate man himself, Genghis Khan learned much of reading and writing in China and he realized that this could help him rule the Mongol people. He had sages and scholars brought from China to serve in his court and to take notes of his meetings with his chiefs and to record tales of his conquests in faraway lands. The effects of Mongol rule in Asia. Connecting Western and Eastern Asia. Until the time of Genghis Khan Western and Eastern Asia were not connected nor aware of their existence. Through his conquests two civilizations were connect however, at great loss of many lives.

Many teachings of Cathay were spread throughout Asia and other cultures benefited from these teachings. Through his conquest strong trade was established between these two civilizations. Spices and silks and other goods were traded openly. There was a great spread of ideas through Asia of religion, sciences, literature and mathematics. This expanded both cultures and made them strong in their knowledge.

The Mongols absorbed both cultures teachings and ideas into their own. Life in the Mongol Empire. After the conquest of the Empires they slowly began to rebuild their culture and their society. One the things that Mongolian rule was open to was religion. Mongol ruled allowed each and everyone to practice and belief their own religion unhindered.

Common citizens of the Mongol Empire, who were not Mongolian themselves, lived in fear for their lives due to the atrocities committed by the Mongol warrior during the campaigns. They were also forced to pay taxes to the Mongols. h Mongolia after Genghis Khans death. The Death of Genghis Khan. Well into his old age, at approximately 60 years old, Genghis Khan died while in battle in India.

His death was concealed for two years after his death and no one was allowed to speak of it while his body was being carried back to his birthplace, the Gobi desert. On the journey from the place of his death back to his homeland, everyone who saw his casket was killed so that word would not spread. Finally, when he was buried in an unknown spot, those who buried him were killed, so no one could find the treasures that were buried with him. The next great Khan. After his death there was no strong ruler until his grandson Kublai Khan ascended to the throne. Kublai Khan was the second most successful khan to rule the Mongolian Empire after Genghis Khan.

He completed the conquest of China all the way South into Burma and Vietnam. He also twice attempted to conquer Japan but was defeated both times by the Japanese . Kublai Khan founded the Yuan Dynasty which lasted from 1279 to 1368. He also established a new Mongol capital in Peking. During his rule Mongols were known to be somewhat tolerant to others.

He developed a newer political system for his Dynasty including some Mongol ideas as well as Confucius and Chinese ideas. He allowed for the first time Chinese scholars to be officials in his government. After Kublai Khan declined and began to break apart. By the 1500s it had almost entirely integrated itself into the Asian communities. Modern-day Mongolia looks back at its ancient history and rulers. Nowadays Genghis Khan is revered as a national hero and his profile appears in Mongolias monetary system.

Mongols today still live in the plains in the very same Yurts that Genghis Khan lived many centuries ago. Though many have searched for the tomb of Genghis Khan none have ever been successful. Bibliography Bibliography Grousset,Ren. The Empire Of The Steppes. New Jersey: Rutgers University,c1970 Humphrey,Judy. Genghis Khan.

New York:Chelsea House Publishers,c1987 Lister,R.P. Genghis Khan. New York:Dorset Press,c1969 Mongol Empire The World Book Encyclopedia 35th edition. Vol 14. 1985 Morgan,David.

The Mongols. Massachusetts:Basil Blackwell,Inc.c1990 Parker,E.H. A Thousand Years of the Tartars. New York:Dorset Press,c1987 Rossabi,Morris. Khubilai Khan:His Life and Times. London:University of California Press Ltd,c1988 Severin,Tim In Search of Genghis Khan.

New York:Macmillan Publishing Company,c1991 Stanfield,James L. Stories From the Field. (On-Line) Available: URL:http://www.nationalgeographic.com/genghis/fiel d/stanfield index.html,c1997 Wepman,Dennis. Tamerlane. New York:Chelsea House Publishers,c1987 History Reports.