a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
the belief that all members of each race possess characteristics or abilities specific to that race, esp. so as to distinguish it as inferior or superior to another race or races.
Social Darwinism
survival of the fittest
Berlin Conference
divison of africans
most influential leader of the Zulu kingdom resisted colonialism
first settlers of Africa Dutch Great Trek bores moved north to avoid conflict with the British
Boer War
Boers vs. British for land
Motives behind European
to extend their empire natural resources, new markets, strategic military, spread of western culture
What factors in Africa made it vulnerable to European conquest?
There was no unity
Colony territory
country governed by a foreign ruler Protectorate a state that is controlled and protected by another.
Sphere of Influence
trading partner ship to one area to another exclusive trade
Economic Imperialism
independent controlled private business interest
Indirect control
allowed the natives to run the operation
Direct Control
they run everything
Paternalism Europeans
governed people in a parental way
the local population would adopt French culture
Menelik II
African leader who defeated Italy in battle
Why was Ethiopia able to resist European rule?
Ethiopians army defeated the Italians, gained an arsenal of modern weapons
What were the benefits of European Imperialism in Africa?
They became more modernize, sanitation, transportation, schools, hospitals
What were the negative consequences of European Imperialism in Africa?
Lost their loss of many resources lots of people died
interest in taking land for strategic positioning
Crimean War
a war between Russians and ottomans to gain control of the Black Sea
Suez Canal
connected the Red Sea to the Mediterranean, geopolitics, economic imperialism
How did the death of Suleyman I affect the Ottoman Empire?
Caused unrest in the empire, and a decline
How did the discovery of oil in Persia led to European control?
Europeans wanted the oil, Russia England used economic imperialism to gain access to oil in Persia
Indian solider in the British army
Era of the British direct control of India
What methods did the British use to gain control of India?
Direct and indirect control
How did the Muslim and Hindu population cause problems for the Sepoy mutiny and Indian nationalist movement?
They are always fighting against eachother
What were the positive and negative effects of British Imperial rule in India?
They are the same in Africa, improved sanitation health care schools, loss of Indian culture resources and independence
Why did European nations desire colonies in the Pacific Rim?
Economic control and geopolitical reasons
Essay: Did imperialism in Africa have more positive or negative effects? Support your answer with details.
More negative because they lost culture, independence, resources