Immigration Problem in the U.S. The first move stopping immigration decided by Congress was a law in 1862 restricting American vessels to transport Chinese immigrants to the U.
S. The Alien Contract Labor Laws of 1885, 1887, 1888, and 1891 restricted the immigration to the U.S. of people entering the country to work under contracts made before their arrival. Alien skilled laborers, under these laws, were allowed to enter the U.S.
to work in new industries.By this time anti-immigrant felling rose with the flood of immigrants and in this period the anti-Catholic, anti-foreign political party the Know-Nothings, was already born. After World War I a marked increase in racism and the growth of isolationist sentiment in the U.S. led to demands for further tight legislation. In 1921 a congressional act provided for a quota system for immigrants, which the number of aliens of any nationality admitted to the U.
S. in a year could not exceed 3 percent of the number of foreign-born residents of that nationality living in the U.S.in 1910. This law applied to nations of Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Asian Russia, and certain islands in the Atlantic and Pacific. In the 1980s concern about the surge of illegal aliens into the U.
S. has led Congress to pass legislation aimed at cutting illegal immigration. The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 allows most illegal aliens who have resided in the U.S. regularly since January 1, 1982, to apply for legal status.Also, the law prohibits employers from hiring illegal aliens and mandates penalties for violations.
Debate over immigration and immigration policy is not new to the nation's history. From time to time, Congress jarred legislation to control the flow of immigration. As immigration rises and hatred grows more laws will be implemented trying to release some of the pressure. Illegal immigration has some pros and cons.I will discuss the pros first and explain them briefly in order for you to get a better underezding of the position. It offers cheaper labor to businesses.
By not paying minimum wages to the workers who are willing to work for a lower price, this gives the business an edge over other competitors. Provides culture diversity in the united states. Bringing in immigrants gives more and different cultures to the U.S.which can expand businesses to other fields of the world. Also giving people a more underezding of other cultures.
Lowers the cost of products produced in the U.S. that we buy. If the businesses can produce products and services at a low price keeping there overhead low, then we as a consumer will also pay a lower price. Most illegals are skilled workers and helps run the economy.Other countries economy is also being helped.
The workers bring money to their families out side of the U.S. which in most cases the U.S. dollar has a higher value than their own.
Experts disagree saying the cons of this issue out way the pros. Next I will discuss some cons and explain them briefly.Illegal immigrants pay no tax. If they pay no taxes then how can we as a country pay for public services we as well as they do.
Sending money out of our economy and sending it to their families abroad. If money is taken out of our economy it causes a monetary problem. this can cause an inaccurate account of money in circulation which might cause inflation.Lower wages. If an illegal is willing to work for under the minimum wage then the employer will not pay more for the job to any other employ.
In fact might higher only illegals and take away jobs form legal residents who are willing to work. When illegals come to this country they do not get tested for diseases that might infect the population. Which can cause a health problem.Such as polio, tuberculosis and other forms of diseases. Illegals cost the states money, paying for education, health care, and other social services. In an already under funded programs they give these services a more heavy burden to deal with.
Republicans have reached agreement among themselves on legislation designed to combat illegal immigration. But with their package facing delaying tactics from Senate Democrats and a veto from the president, they finished the week of Sept.2 uncertain of their next move1 "Republicans need to show we can govern,"2 said bill sponsor Lamar Smith, R-Texas. "We need to show we can pass good legislation."3 Dianne Feinstein (d-Calif.) called for tough and controversial enforcement measures, including imposing a toll on anyone entering the united states to raise revenues to beef up the Border patrol.
4 Sen. Alan Simpson (R-Wyo.) one of senate's leading authorities on immigration issues, also proposed a similar border tax ten years ago, but was defeat in senators fearing it would detour tourists.5 Referring to the Democrats "If they want to go home and do nothing about illegal immigration, that's a gross violation of what we should be doing,"6 said Sen. Alan K. Simpson, R-Wyo.
, sponsor of the Senate bill. Sen.Edward M. Kennedy, D-Mass.
, and other Democrats on the Immigration Subcommittee said Republicans would have to choose between passing an immigration bill, or proving their ideological purity on the public school issue.7 Both democrats and republicans agree that illegal immigration should be dealt with. The problem is they cant agree on anyone purposes given to them. The Democrats say it is the Republicans fault, the Republicans say it is the Democrats fault.
With this type of finger pointing neither of them will gain a fast decisive action to resolve the problem.When it comes to illegal immigrants there are a lot of interest groups that have been involved in this issue. From businesses to governments agencies. First the businesses, especially in agriculture. Agriculture employs more undocumented workers than any other industry in the country. Half of California's 700,000 farm workers are estimated to be undocumented.
"Three decades ago, the percentage of foreign-born farm workers in California was 50 percent,"8 the Chronicle stated. "Now it is 92 percent."9 Agriculture, however, is not the only industry with an insatiable need for the cheap labor provided by immigrants. Published by the Chronicle, a list of businesses fined by the INS in San Francisco includes a car rental company, construction firms, restaurants, clubs, a trucker, a travel agency and even a Proteezt church.10 Everywhere one looks today, one sees immigrant workers cleaning rooms in hotels, mowing lawns in the suburbs, pumping gas in service stations, doing janitorial chores in countless workplaces, toiling in the garment industry and doing all sorts of temporary jobs. These business groups have a lot of interest in illegal immigration.
They provide cheaper labor which cuts costs and causes better competition. Richard Rogers, district director of the INS in Los Angeles, was quoted as saying: "If we were to increase fines 75 to 80 percent, we would probably have a lot of people out of business."11 Government agencies are also involved.The new immigration legislation nearly doubles the size of the Border Patrol.
In addition, National Guard and active-duty armed forces personnel are used more and more along the border. Local police forces are also being authorized to enforce immigration law, says Roberto Martinez of the American Friends Service Committee's U.S./Mexico border program.12 Possible solutions to t ...