definition: a people who invaded central Mexico and were ruled by a military class; had a capital city of Tula; influenced the Maya; introduced the working of gold and silver; spread the worship of their god Quetzalcoatl; destroyed in the AD 1100s significance: helped set up the region for society
definition: founded Tenochtitlan; regarded themselves as chosen people in charge of keeping the world from destruction significance: founded Tenochtitlan and the Aztecs
definition: Aztec tribal patron god; central figure of cult of human sacrifice and warfare; identified with old sun god significance: Led Aztec religion
definition: Aztec nature god, feathered serpent, his disappearance and promised return coincided with the arrival of Cortes significance: coaxed the Aztecs into helping Cortes
definition: a member of any of about two dozen Native American peoples called pueblos by the Spanish because they live in villages built of adobe and rock significance: demonstrated Spanish influence
definition: New York Indian tribe which significance: built great mounds that are marvels to look at
definition: a member of the small group of Quechuan people living in the Cuzco valley in Peru who established hegemony over their neighbors to create the great Inca empire that lasted from about 1100 until the Spanish conquest in the early 1530s significance: built roads, major society of South America
definition: capital of the Aztec Empire, located on an island in Lake Texcoco; population was about 150,000 on the eve of Spanish conquest; Mexico City was constructed on its ruins. significance: Demonstrated Aztec ingeniuity
definition: Raised fields constructed along lake shores in Mesoamerica to increase agricultural yields significance: led to more agriculture
definition: knotted cords of various lengths and colors used by the Inca to keep financial records significance: helped to make up for lack of writing
Cahokia Mound
definition: enormous earthen mound at Cahokia near East St. Louis, Illinois; built by Iroquois people for ceremonies or ritual performance significance: demonstrated Iroquois ingenuity
definition: Polynesian ceremonial precinct and temple structure; often had several terraced floors significance: demonstrated polynesian culture
Ali'i nui
definition: a chief or noble (hereditary) in Polynesian tribes significance: demonstrated hierarchy in Polynesian societies