There are many forms of transportation in Malaysia, and being an archetypal nation of today’s standards, Malaysia can be considered quite well endowed with a great variety of means of transport. Not only can citizens own their own transport, the wide multiplicity of public transport makes traveling uncomplicated and rather comfortable and luxurious. A car may be considered a necessity to many Malaysian families, and some middle to high income families have even up to six cars. It is also more common to spy Malaysian-made cars, especially ones by the brand of Proton, as they are cheap and come in a large array of models, colors and prices.
The price difference between a locally manufactured car, and an imported car amounts to approximately RM$40,000 to 45,000; despite the fact both types of cars have the same C. C. and general functions. This may be due to the verity that the Malaysian government has interests in disseminating the local brands, and thus imposes a heavy tax on imported cars. Cars that are more luxurious are obviously placed with a higher tax, up to 150% even. Taxation decisions are fully under the influence of the government, whereas the individual trader decides upon the final selling price of the car.
A journey from Kuala Lumpur to the lion city of Singapore takes only a three to fours hours drive, thanks to the efficient highways of Malaysia. With these highways, traffic congestions can be avoided, but the major disadvantages are the tolls. The companies that build these highways are privatized, in order to provide a better service to the public. The government only steps in to ensure that these companies don’t overcharge with the toll rates. Similarly, bus and taxi companies are privatized, as they are competent and capable of operating independently.
The government only has to monitor the numbers of workforce employed, with the intention to curb the number of taxis and buses on the road. Privatized companies need not have any government involvement, except for cases of limitation control, for the sake of the general public. Existing are also companies, which are semi-government control, such as train and plane companies. In the case of trains, the government lacks expertise, and thus has a sub company that reports back to them. This company organizes the monorail operation, and is offered tax exemption, for their assistance.
In the case of air travel, the recent case of Malaysian Airlines being taken private again, under a newly incorporated company, reflects the degree of government association. Due to their debts of about RM$9. 2bil, this move was made in order to ensure a rearrangement of the company structure and to restore arrears. Fundamentally, the government steps in order to curtail prices that may intensify without control. This is to protect the influence of the public, and thus gaining popularity with the public simultaneously. The government also has a major legal say in this matter.
Without government interference in high-demand cases such as cars, and public transportation, a domino effect will be caused, with the prices fluctuating rapidly, concluding with a substantial rise in the standard of living. Other means of transport, which are not as exalted as those mentioned above, such as sea travel, are fully private, with exceptions to the erstwhile case of taxes. In conclusion, the transportation sector is only semi-reigned by the government, as the authority of the government needs only to uphold government-related companies, regulate the extent of the prices quoted and maintain the nation’s self interest.
n a multi-racial country such as Malaysia, the assortment of food and clothes are incessant, from traditional to contemporary. So colorful is the nation’s people that there is virtually a little of every country in Malaysia, and that is, indeed, something to be very proud of. An average Malaysian household can have an American breakfast, a Malay lunch, an English tea, a Chinese dinner, and an Indian supper. There is a new-fangled saying that goes along the lines of, “The economic crisis slows down consumer purchasing, but the food stalls and restaurants still maintain a steady business.
And that is true, as Malaysians are still enjoying their 5-meal-a-day luxury, despite the economic slowdown. In this area of the economy, the government is not a prominent figure, as roadside stalls are still very common. Although lenient about this field, there are the occasional checks on restaurants, thus resulting the grading that stands out, be it an ‘A’ or ‘C’. In the past, there were rules that were more austere, and this resulted in the more relaxed eating habits of Malaysians today. Despite impending unhygienic conditions, many still relish the exquisite Malaysian cuisine.
Malaysia also has a wide range of supermarkets, to cater to the needs of the public. Most of the products available are at appropriate prices, and the government rarely steps in to impede. Malaysia hosts many ethnic festivals, and at these times, the demand for certain products increases tremendously. At this point, the government can be said to step in, in order to control the prices, which may proliferate to an implausible quotient. These products include items such as sugar, flour, butter, and eggs etc. , which are in great demand at festival times.
This step by the government is made in order to avoid the domino effect, when one thing leads to another, and results in an astounding rise in living standards, which may have disintegrating effects on the economy. It is forever summer in a country like Malaysia, and it is common to see people wearing loose, cool clothing as they go about their daily lives. But as trends change, just about anything goes these days. Clothes and apparel are not a problem in a country like Malaysia, where trends shift as rapidly as the weather in Europe, and there is an almost 100% no government interference in this subject.
The inexhaustible vogue and fads are just too cumbersome to keep a close eye on, except for the obvious (e. g. , importing leather jackets, which has very diminutive market potential in Malaysia). With such a rich culture and heritage, the people of Malaysia had much to be contented with. The pristine social values and ethics of today are also more acknowledged and accredited. Thus this sector, the retail sector, isn’t a forte with the government, as it is very flexible and adaptable, and the government has virtually the slightest or even no stimulus over this sphere.