The poem ‘The Road Not Taken’ is about choices and the impact that our choices have on our life's journey and ultimately how these choices have shaped our being. The poem is a metaphor, used to represent the concept of a journey. There are a variety of language techniques that Robert Frost has conveyed his message through. Firstly, the poem is easy to understand so that the simple things are looked at more deeply by the reader. The Tone of the poems helps create meaning and atmosphere.
The theme of the poem focuses on the concept of choice and individualism. One of the most important lines is "And that has made all the difference", because it shows the impact that our choices have on our life. When we make decisions we must weigh the options and make a favourable choice otherwise, you may have to pay the consequences. “The Road Not Taken” is told in a first person point of view which gives the poem a more personal feel; as if the speaker has lived through this experience.
Robert Frost introduces his primary metaphor, ‘the diverging roads’ in the first line. In addition to them symbolizing a journey in the speaker’s life, he portrays a sense of regret that he must make an important decision that will direct him in either one way or another. Frost expresses his regret in that he must choose between the two roads. The choice is not easy for him, since “long I stood” before coming to a decision. In the second and third stanzas, he evaluates his options and finally makes a decision as to which road to take. Then took the other, as just as fair, And having perhaps the better claim, Because it was grassy and wanted wear," suggests he is more attracted to the less taken road because it is less taken, and it might bring him to a life that not many experience. He then makes his decision, trying to persuade himself that he will eventually travel both paths, but at the same time saying that this hope is unrealistic. This tells the reader that the speaker is very unsure of which path he should take.
Imagery was used in the beginning and end of the poem to give the reader a visual of the diverging road. Also, to show the differences in the 2 roads, one was grassy and wanted wear which was the more appealing road. The poet’s choices are woven throughout the poem through metaphors; “The Road Not Taken” suggests the speaker would rather be an individual rather than follow the crowd. At the end of the poem, he says that the paths were different from each other and recognizes that that has made the determining factor in his life.
Symbolically, he is telling us that he cannot see into the future and see the impact of his choice. The speaker imagines himself at a time in the future, recalling the memory of the day; "I shall be telling this with a sigh, Somewhere ages and ages hence: Two roads diverged in a wood, and I-took the one less travelled by-And that has made all the difference” The speaker’s sigh reinforces his regret that he could not travel both roads. However through all regrets the he remains happy and proud of his decision to pick the road that he chose.
He realises that the path he chose made him live his own unique life and he shouldn’t be regretting not taking the other path. The poet demonstrates the personality of the traveller. The poem allows the reader to see the choice that speaker has made that impacts his life. The metaphor, the descriptive imagery, and the poem's structure shows that the road the poet has chosen made all the difference in his life. A person's decision often affects their life. A good decision will lead them on a good road. While a bad decision will lead them down a bad road.