1) Therapeutic communities childcare: this is an approach that meets both the the physical and emotional needs of the service users. Social pedagogy: this is the approach where the carers/ parents/ government work with the child in order to care for them the child is in charge of his or her own life and the people looking after that child are just there for the care side. Life Space: this involves the conscious use of everyday events to promote the growth, development and learning of children and young people.
2) There relevant legal and rights framework that underpins work with children and young people in residential care has been streamlined into three different parts, there is The Children's Homes regulations 2001 (amended) and the Volume 5: Children's Homes 2011 - Statutory Guidance on Children's Homes Regulations 2001 (amended) as well as the National minimum standards for Children's homes. The Children's Homes regulations 2001 (amended) makes provision about the way in which children's homes are run and ensure that they are managed in a safe reliable and stable way. This is important because the consistency of the staff and the way the house is run is vital for the development and well being of the children and young people.
Volume 5: Children's Homes 2011 - Statutory Guidance on Children's Homes Regulations 2001 (amended) is a guideline to ensure that local authorities working with child care home providers follow the requirements set out so that they can provide consistent and good quality care. National minimum standards for Children's homes states that “It is intended that the standards will be used, both by providers, and by Ofsted, to focus on securing positive welfare, health and education outcomes for children.
All providers and staff of children’s homes should aim to provide the best care possible for the children for whom they are responsible, and observing the standards is an essential part, but only a part, of the overall responsibility to safeguard and promote the welfare of each individual child” this is important because when you start working it is these legal and rights frameworks that govern what you do, and in order for people to provide the best possible care there needs to be consistency in what we do and therefore the training which we receive at the start of a job is drawn from these framework, they are legal documents which tell us how to do our jobs in the best and safest way.
3) There are many influences from policies and legislation on residential care provision, for ecample the The Data Protection act 1998 which gives people the right to have their personal data processed confidentially and not be passed on to other parties with out consent. It also puts inplace duties on the employer to keep sensitive data of its staff private, it states that confidential records should be kept in a locked cabinet in the HR office and should only be allowed to be seen by people if they have consent form the person the data is about or consent from family if its for a service user.
Other policies and legislation that influence residential care provision is the health and safety at work act 1974 which governs the way we go about our jobs, it also has other parts such as manual handling and lifting, COSHH which is the control of substances hazardus to health, and many more branches that effect residential car providers. The policies and legislations are important for any residential care provider because they give a guideline as to what to do in order to keep people safe, well and also to provide the highest standard of care possible for the service users, it also makes sure that the law isn’t being broken with inspections and many other forms of tests that residential care providers need to pass in order stay open.
4) The life chances and outcomes for children and young people in residential care apposed to those not depends, usually those in residential care have lower life chances, and outcomes, due to the fact that statistically those in residential care have lower academic attainment, they are more likely to have drug problems and be in trouble with the authorities, however I believe that this is all relative to what could have been happening before, for example if a child is being abused and then goes to care there will be a negative effect on the child’s outcome and life chances either way, because statistically it states that children and young people in residential care have lower life chances and outcomes than those in stable families.
However I believe that if a child who is being abused then goes in to residential care in either a care home or a foster home then this is going to be beneficial to them, they will be with a family or with people who should have their best interests at heart and there should be support there for the times where the child finds things difficult and for most children in residential care they have emotional issues usually due to failed attachments with parents or other people, this means that in order for their outcomes and life chances to improve they need to make new attachments with the right people and then go through the phases that they missed as a child. I think that in general children and young people have lower outcomes and life chances purely because the people looking after them are usually staff and just as in any job there as shifts which means the children and young people will be working with more than just a father and a mother which is the social theory to a stable upbringing.
1) The codes of conduct in my care setting state that I to be a good role model which means maintaining a level of appearance and behavior in front of the children and other staff at all times, this means in my day to day work for example, that if I smoke it has to be away from the children, it can also lead to me making sure that I wear appropriate clothing, such as a coat when it rains shorts when it is hot, this is all to show the children, how they should be dressing as a lot of them cant choose for themselves appropriate cloths for the weather. Another part of the codes of conducts are accountability, I as a care support worker, need to make sure that I can answer for all my actions.
This is important to keep them safe, we also have to be accountable for the children basic care, as well as upholding the settings ideals and ethos. In my day to day work this means working with a mindset that looks to wards the curative side of education and care, as we are a curative education setting. We also are a anthroposophical setting which uses therapeutic methods in helping to heal and calm the children. The code of conduct also states that I need awareness. This is because I need to be able to say if I don’t feel comfortable doing something, and in day to day work that means that if I come across a situation which I don't feel competent enough to deal with, I need to make this known and get help from either a supervisor or some one who feels comfortable with the situation.
2) In my own job role I have to make sure that all my work is inclusive and anti discriminatory, for example when working with the children or young people in my care setting, I make sure that the activities I do with the child includes them, this means to include them in their own target setting including, IEP (individual educational plan) this is a big step to including them in their own development and gives them more resilience and self confidence. I also work hard to make sure that my own practice in anti discriminatory by making sure that everyone who could be discriminated against is included and that every one is given the same chances.
For example with the food that the children eat, we make sure that if a child has special dietary needs they are followed as well as children from different races or religions get to have food from their own country or religion, for example we have a child who is Indian and so I asked his parents for recipes of foods they make at home for him so that our cook can make some for the whole house and this is anti discrimination, we also have chapel service on a Sunday this is not compulsory for any of the students and the child who is Indian is taken to a special service in a mosque which his parents requested for him. In my own practice I make sure that I challenge any discrimination of any sort, there is clear guidelines to follow in the policies and procedures for the school. If I saw any discrimination I would report it straight away, luckily in my setting a lot of the workers are from all over the world so there is a very open mindedness in all people and so discrimination is not a problem.
3) Power, Prejudice and discrimination can only have a negative effect on children and young people, it has negative effects on academic behavior because of the fact that they are not happy. There is many effects which include low self esteem which is because the child feels worth less than others, and this makes them feel withdrawn and isolated. The reason for these feelings is because of the prejudice and discrimination that they are subject to, in a care setting this can lead to children acting out and behaving badly. There are many ways society discriminates, for example only recently has it been made law that most businesses need to have disabled access, and before there were many people discriminated against because of a step, for example there was a group of people who came together each week.
In my local town for a sort of book club, they usually used on of the members houses, but then they decided they would approach the local library and see if they could hold their meeting in there, they went to the library and found that they could not even get in because there was not ramp there was only a step so they couldn’t enter, they complained to the local council and then a movement started which made the whole town more wheelchair accessible, this is important because, if there are any children with disabilities or are in a wheelchair now they can go to the library and they aren't discriminated against whereas before they could not go inside which makes children and young people feel left out neglected even by society, it is very important that discrimination doesn't happen because of the negative effects it has, this is the same for prejudice and power, there are many ways that these effects can damage children and young people emotionally leaving them with low self confidence and self esteem issues.
4) In my work setting it is vital that there is a cooperative team approach to the whole place, because it is very important that we can communicate effectively in order to keep up the standard of care for the children that is expected, in my own responsibilities that means to make sure that I share important information to the people that need to know it in order that information passes efficiently there is also handover logs, that we use to communicate properly, it is important that the information isn’t seen by people who don't need to know about it. This is up to me as part of the team not to leave sensitive information lying around, another way is to support my colleagues in having time for a break and to help them if there is something they cant handle that I can.
It is important that we work together in order to address issues, and help children who may be going through crisis, this is done by working with others, professionals, teachers and others to work out a consistent approach to deal with the issue. Only through co-operative working can we achieve the correct level of consistency, observation and creativity towards problems faced in our setting. This is the way we found that, the child I was working with had a detached retina, although he had very poor eyesight everybody realized a difference in his vision and, worked together by being co-operative and responsible to point it out, the information was passed effectively and quickly and we as a setting saved his sight by noticing the change in his behavior, we worked as a team and found the issue quickly and addressed it.
5) The professional requirement to maintain current and competent practice, is to partake in training and other qualifications that make you competent at doing your job for example, in my work setting, I have to do a training week in September at the start of the school year and then we have to do another refresher course of 4 days in October and then have another weeks training in April, this is to ensure that if anything changes in the policies and procedures or if there are any new laws passed then we are up to date with common practice and current legislation. This is important because with out it the children could be put at risk and so could the staff, there is a lot that changes quickly, for example after the Victoria Climbe case a lot of legislation changed and a lot of common practice had to be changed in order to keep it up to date with the new legislation. It is for this reason it is a professional requirement to be up to date with training that is provided by the setting. It is the employers requirement to provide training and to make sure it is inline with current practice and competent practice so that the staff will have what they need to do their jobs efficiently.
6) It is vital to maintain a positive relationship with the local community, it is through them that most of our children and young people will come here. It is also important that there is a good relationship with the media in order to promote our school. The reason for this is because to get more children and young people in our school/ college we need to let people know who we are and how good we are, this is done by every time we are off site and interacting with the public, we need to be professional and polite as well as cheerful and open. It is also important to advertise open days, this helps to raise money and to advertise the school and get more funding in by getting more students in, it is vital that to get students in order for the school to be able to run properly, it also advertises us to people who want to work and as we have jobs going usually if they see us and we are professional and well mannered and we look after the children well then they will think about us as a place to work.