Influenced by Freud, in a face-to-face setting, psychodynamic therapists understand symptoms and themes across important relationships in a patient's life.
Involves an emotionally charges, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and a mental patient.
Many forms: psychoanalysis, humanistic, behavior therapy, and cognitive therapy.
Aim to get rid of a problem.
Therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors.
To treat phobias or sexual disorders, _______ therapists do not delve deeply below the surface looking for inner causes.
Uses drugs or other procedures that act on the patient's nervous system, treating her or her psychological disorders.
These include physical, medicinal, and other forms of biological therapies:
1. Drug Therapies
2. Brain Stimulation
With the advent of drugs, hospitalization in mental institutions has rapidly declined. However, many patients are left homeless on the streets to their ill preparedness to cope independently outside in society.
Uses various forms of healing techniques depending upon the client's unique problems.
Uses free association.
Freud's theory of personality and therapeutic technique that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts.
Freud believed the patient's free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences-and the therapists interpretations of them-released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight.
The first formal psychotherapy to emerge developed by Sigmund Freud. (Famous couch)
A sign of progress in therapy.
A disruptive response such as "I forgot" or picking a fight with a therapist to a certain topic. It is sensitive because it is the root or near root of problem.
Patients transfer feelings of a particular person in their lives to the therapist.
The therapist engages in active listening and echoes, restates, and clarifies the patient's thinking, acknowledging expressed feelings.
Focuses on our inner capacities for growth and self fulfillment.
The therapist listens to the needs of the patient in an accepting and non-judgmental way, addressing problems in a productive way and building his or her self-esteem.
A type of exposure therapy that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli. Commonly used to treat phobias, fears, and aversions.
In institutional settings, therapists may create a token economy in which patients exchange a token of some sort, earned for exhibiting the desired behavior, for various privileges.
Replaces bad or unpleasant emotional responses to a stimuli with more pleasant adaptive responses.
A behavior therapy procedure that uses classical conditioning to evoke new responses to stimuli that are triggering unwanted behaviors; includes exposure therapies and aversive conditioning.
A procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors.
It is based on classical conditioning and includes exposure and aversive conditioning.
Pairs maladaptive behavior, like smoking, with an unpleasant stimulus.
Negative thoughts is the cause of depression, anxiety, etc.
What we think-> determines how we feel-> influences how we behave.
Therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions.
_________ therapists often combine the reversal of self-defeated thinking with efforts to modify behavior.
EX: No promotion makes someone think boss does not like her. Gives up at work. Which makes likelihood of promotion go down. If change thinking by looking at what can be improved, she may have gotten the promotion.
Suggests that depressed patients believe that they can never be happy (thinking) and thus associated minor failings (ex: failing a test (event)) in life as major causes for their depression.
____ believes that cognitions such as "I can never be happy" need to change in order for depressed patients to recover. This change is brought about by gently questioning patients.
They are physicians who specialize in the treatment of psychological disorders. Not all psychiatrists have extensive training in psychotherapy, but as MDs they can prescribe medications.
Electrical current is sent through brain to produce chemical change.
A biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient.
_____ is used for severely depressed patients who do not respond to drugs. The patient is anesthetized and given a muscle relaxant. Patients usually get a 100-volt shock that relieves them of depression.
Started 40,000 years ago to get rid of demons or "stones of madness".