Dendrites are branching extensions of
neurons
An axon is
the extension of a neuron that carries messages away from the cell body
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The speed at which a neural impulse travels is increased when the axon is in case by
Myelin sheath
A synapse is
Junction between a standing near on and receiving neuron
The chemical messengers released into the spatial junctions between neurons are called
Neurotransmitters
The two major divisions of the nervous system are the central and the _____ nervous system
Peripheral
Which brain structure receives information from all the senses except smell
Thalamus
Which baseball side structure at the rear of the brain stem cells many functions including helping you to judge time and to discriminate sounds and textures
Cerebellum
The cerebral cortex is the covering layer of the
Cerebrum
The corpus callosum is a wide band of axon fibers that
Transmits information between the cerebral hemispheres
In a clinical trial of brain computer interface with paralyzed humans, a 25 year old man constructed shapes on a computer screen by activating neurons in his
Motor cortex
the brain structure that provides a major link between the nervous system and endocrine system is the
Hypothalamus
The ancient Greek philosopher Plato located in the mind in the
Head
Increasing excitatory signals above the threshold for neural activation will not affect the intensity of an action potential. This indicates that a neuron's reaction is
An all or none response
The auditory hallucinations experienced by people with schizophrenia are most closely linked with the activation of areas in their
Temporal lobes
The neural Center in the limbic system that process is explicit memories for storage is called the
Hippocampus
Dengeration of the myelin sheath results in
Multiple sclerosis
The ability to simultaneously copy different figures with the right and left hand is most characteristic of whose ______ has been cut
Corpus Callosum
Along with the basal ganglia, the ______ enables nonverbal learning and skill memory
cerebellum
The visual cortex is activated when blind people read Braille. This best illustrates
plasticity
The release of cortisol into the bloodstream is most likely to
increase blood sugar
Schizophrenia is most closely linked with an oversupply of the neurotransmitter
dopamine
Thanks to the release of carbon isotopes in nuclear weapons tests, researchers have been able to detect the process of neurogenesis in the
hippocampus
Magnetic resonance imaging uses magnetic fields and ______ to produce computer generated images of soft tissue
radio waves
During open brain surgery, Adams left ankle twist whenever the surgeon electrically stimulated a specific area within Adams
Right frontal lobe
Mathematical compute a shin by a computer are faster than you quickest mathematical computations because the top speed of neural impulses about ______ times slower than the speed of electricity in a computer
3 million
Peoples failure to recognize themselves in a mirror is most likely to be associated with damage to the
Right cerebral hemisphere
You come home one night to find a burglar in your house. Your heart starts racing and you begin to perspire. These physical reactions are triggered by the
Sympathetic nervous system
The release of of epinephrine into the bloodstream is most likely to
increase blood sugar
Jose is just played along bruising football game but feels little fatigue or discomfort. His lack of pain is most likely caused by the release of
Endorphins
If a professor accused you of cheating on a test your adrenal glands would probably release ______ into your bloodstream
Epinephrine
Aaron consistently exhibits a knee-jerk response without having any sensations of the taps on his knees. Aarons experience is most indicative of
A severed spinal cord
To detect mr. Ziegler's loss of brain tissue from a degenerative disease, his positions are most likely to request that he receive a(n)
MRI scan
You feel the pain of a sprained ankle when ______ relays messages from your ankle to your central nervous system
Sensory neurons
The part of your peripheral nervous system that controls the movements of your mouth and jaw that you eat is called the
Somatic nervous system
In a tragic diving accident Andrew damaged his spinal cord. As a result his legs were paralyzed. Andrews injury was located in his
Central nervous system
Demonstrate that brain stimulation can make a rat violently aggressive, a neuroscientist should electrically stimulate the rat's
Amygdala
Jason lost his sense of taste due to a tumor that cause damage to a structure located on top of his brain stem. This structure is known as the
thalamus
Which part of your brain is essential for receiving information that you are moving your legs
Somatosensory cortex
Dr. Wolski conducts research on the potential relationship between neurotransmitter deficiencies and mood states. Dr. Wolski's research focus is most characteristic of
The biological perspective