archipelago
group or chain of islands clustered together in a sea or ocean
atoll
ring (or partial ring) of coral that forms an island in an ocean or sea. The coral sits atop a submerged volcanic cone
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butte
flat-topped rock or hill formation with steep sides
cape
pointed piece of land that sticks out into a sea, ocean, lake, or river
channel
1.) body of water that connects two larger bodies of water 2.) part of a river or harbor that is deep enough to let ships sail through
col
a mountain pass
cove
small, horseshoe-shaped body of water along the coast; the water is surrounded by land formed of soft rock
estuary
where a river meets the sea or ocean
fjord
long, narrow sea inlet that is bordered by steep cliffs
isthmus
narrow strip of land connecting two larger land masses
lagoon
shallow body of water that is located alongside a coast
mesa
land formation with a flat area on top and steep walls - usually occurring in dry areas
plateau
large, flat area of land that is higher than the surrounding land
sound
wide inlet of the sea or ocean that is parallel to the coastline; it often separates a coastline from a nearby island
strait
narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water
surface runoff
water flow on the land that occurs when the soil is saturated with water and the excess water (from precipitation or snowmelt) runs over the surface
tributary
stream of river that flows into a larger river