The Big IdeasWhy might historians need to describe different places on Earth? How have humans altered the landscape of the United States? How does geography impact history? How do the physical and human features of an area impact the events that happen there?  Skills As you read, please review the terms below and make sure you are able to describe a location using these terms. This will be part of your assignment.

Please review this information on maps and be sure to read through page 3. You will have to use the scale on a map to complete the assignment for this lesson. Be sure to turn in your responses to BOTH parts (Part 1 and Part 2) of the assessment, so that you receive full credit. If you have questions, please contact your instructor. Vocabulary (answer the question, fill in examples from the lesson, where possible, or put the definition in your own words)Cash crops – a crop that is grown for profit rather than for use by the growerExample:Ecosystem – a community of plants, animals, and smaller organisms that live, feed, reproduce, and interact in the same area or environmentWhat kind of ecosystem do you live in? Globes – three-dimensional spheres representing EarthWhen would a globe be more useful than a map?

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Historians – a person who studies history Human systems – the human characteristics of a region and how those characteristics work together to form spatial patternsWhat human systems are in your area? Manifest Destiny – a 19th Century belief that the United States was destined to expand its territory across the continent to the Pacific OceanMaps – two-dimensional illustrations showing geographical features and information Why is it important to know how to read a map? Place – the physical and human characteristics of a geographical locationHow would you describe your hometown using the idea of “place”?

Region – an area that shares physical or human spatial characteristics, such as language, culture, or climateIn what region do you live? Relative Location – the location of a place in relation to another place; an example of relative location is describing England as east of the United StatesHow would you describe your hometown using the idea of “relative location”? Scale – map feature showing the difference between actual distance and illustrated distancePlease make sure you know how to use a map’s scale. Spatial Patterns – the ways in hich people, places, and characteristics are organized on the Earth’s surface| Lesson 1. 01: Geography Lesson 1. 02: Set the Stage The Big IdeasWhat is the difference between primary sources and secondary sources? What can we learn from primary and secondary sources?

What could be a problem with using just one or two primary sources to study an event? Briefly describe the main ideas behind the Declaration of Independence and U. S. Constitution. | SkillsAs you read, please pay attention to the questions asked when analyzing documents, images, etc. What type of document is this source? For example, is it a government document, a letter, or a journal? * When was this document created? * Was this document created when an event took place? Was it created after an event? This will tell you whether it is a primary or secondary source. * Why was the document written? What evidence in the document explains this? * Who wrote this document? Was it a famous individual, a group, or an ordinary person? * Who was the intended audience of this document? Was it written for many people to read or just a few?

Was it supposed to be public or private? What did the intended audience know that the reader should know about? * What is the background of this document? Think about the time, place, author, and audience. What evidence in the document shows this information? * Why is this document important to the study of history? | Vocabulary (answer the question, fill in examples from the lesson, where possible, or put the definition in your own words)Audio source – historical sources that present information that is heard, such as speechesWhat would be an example of a famous audio source?

Context clue – familiar word or phrase in text that can help the reader determine the meaning of an unfamiliar word or phrase. Evidence – a specific part of a source that shows facts and ideas Primary source – source created by a person present at or involved with a historical eventWhat would be a primary source that could be used in a book written about your life? Secondary source – source created by a person who was not present at or involved with a historical eventWhat would be a secondary source that could be used in a book written about your life?

Visual source - historical sources that present visual information, such as photographs or paintingsWhat is an example of a famous painting, photograph or other visual source? The Civil War The Big IdeasWhat were the main differences between the North and South prior to the Civil War? What were the economic causes of the Civil War? What were the political causes of the Civil War? What were the social causes that contributed to the Civil War?

What were the economic consequences of the Civil War? What were the political consequences of the Civil War? What were the economic consequences of the Civil War? PeopleDred Scott – (Who was he and what were the results of his case? )Abraham Lincoln – (How was his election related to the Civil War? )African American soldiers – (How was their wartime experience different from that of white soldiers? )General Winfield Scott – (What was his plan for the Union and how was it supposed to work?

Vocabulary (answer the question, fill in examples from the lesson, where possible, or put the definition in your own words)Anaconda Plan – the Union’s three-part Civil War strategy, designed to capture the Confederate capital in Richmond, block southern ports, and control the Mississippi RiverWhy did the Union this this strategy would help them win the war? Bleeding Kansas” – name given to Kansas territory as pro-slavery and anti-slavery groups fought to decide the territory’s futureHow was this related to the Kansas-Nebraska Act?

Buffalo soldiers – name given to African American soldiers by Native AmericansCompromise of 1850 – a series of congressional measures that allowed California to become a state, settled border disputes between Texas and New Mexico, and created the Fugitive Slave ActDred Scott case – case in which a slave sued for his freedom based on the fact that he had lived in a free territory; the Supreme Court decided slaves were not citizens and could not sue, and that taking a slave from their owner was a violation of property rightsEmancipation – the act of freeing those held captive, in this case it refers to the freeing of slaves.

Emancipation Proclamation – an executive order issued by Abraham Lincoln in 1863 declaring "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free"What led Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation? Freeport Doctrine – idea that people of an area would decide whether or not to allow slavery by the laws they created on a local levelWhere did this doctrine come from?

Fugitive Slave Act – law passed as part of the Compromise of 1850 that required all citizens to aid in the return of runaway slavesKansas-Nebraska Act – an 1854 law that established Kansas and Nebraska as territories and stating that the slavery issue there would be decided by popular sovereigntyHow did this led to “Bleeding Kansas”? Missouri Compromise – agreement that divided the country in half by dictating that any state lying south of 36°30’ north latitude would be open to slavery and that any state above that line would be considered freeNullification Theory – theory that states could nullify, or cancel, any federal legislation the states deemed unconstitutionalHow is this related to the idea of states’ rights?

Ostend Manifesto – document that claimed the US had the right to buy or seize Cuba from SpainPopular sovereignty – idea that residents of an area can vote to decide an issueHow was this used in relation to the question of slavery? Republican Party – political party formed in 1850 to oppose the Kansas-Nebraska Act and keep slavery out of new territoriesSeceded – formal withdrawal of membership from an organization, state, or alliance. When, where and why did the secession of southern states begin? State’s Rights – powers granted to state governments rather than the federal governmentWhy was this an issue between the North and South? Tariff(s) – taxes, often placed on imported goods to protect domestic industries