Immunisation Immunity is given to children to protect them from developing disease. However this protection is artificial immunity to stop and prevent damages by organisms or toxins. For example many children may become infected with bacteria or viruses which eventually lead to serious illnesses, however some of these organisms may also produce toxins which may result in serious damage, but the natural immunity in the child may not have the ability to fight these foreign invaders because it is not strong enough. However when a child is immunized the body then develops resistance against further infections.
Why do we immunize? Many years ago in the 1900's when there was no such thing as Immunisation many children suffered and died from many diseases, such as Pertussis which is also known as the whooping coughs. Other examples are diphtheria and tetanus; these were the main cause of child deaths known at the time. Whereas Immunisation takes care of that and offers vaccination targeted at specific illness and diseases which may eventually lead to death. However today looking the previous statistics of these deaths you may see there is a huge difference due to Immunisation.
However we can see that just by looking at the graph below, it clearly states that there had been more death before vaccination was introduced in 1957 where as those statics had changed over time in 1974 as soon as the whooping cough vaccination was introduced. Immunisation is a form of protection which is developed for a purpose which is to build up resistance in the immune system, this is done by a special vaccine which contains antigens which is injected or taken by mouth by an individual to give them immunity to prevent damage to the body caused by organisms and toxin.
Vaccinations are targeted at individuals who don't have the natural immune system to fight diseases and infections and which may result in serious damage. However this visibly states that it is good for the person receiving the vaccine. On the other hand it has also been scientifically it has also been proven that it doesn't not just benefit the person who has been given the vaccine but also the entire population if a certain amount of its members have got it because the ones who don't get it also be given a positive quantity of defense.
On the other hand if these vaccination rates go down children could be at risk and this will also increase the risk of catching infectious diseases which may cause serious health problems, because vaccines prompt help immune systems produce particular antibodies that will attack foreign antigens in the body and recognize it straight away and destroy it in the future, Whereas without vaccination the immune system responses will gradually become very vulnerable.
However there are also many non-benefits of Immunisation too, we are also aware that that there are many associated potential risks for vaccination for instance the diphtheria vaccine once injected to an individuals body there are many reactions. All though reactions are very limited there are precautions, and it also has many side effects such as an acute rise in illness and temperature and includes symptoms as redness and soreness at the site of the injection, feel unwell, fever, nausea and swollen glands.
All these symptoms parents will take into a huge account because they will not want their child to go through all that , but the question is are parents okay to take that risk or rather have their children to get the disease and suffer from the long term effects of it for instance diphtheria first gives symptoms which may not be so fatal but at it goes on the disease becomes more severe leading it to long term effects for instance Inflammation of the heart and nerves, respiratory failure, paralysis of some muscles, ssuffocations and in many cases it may lead to pneumonia.
It is very essential that parents or the careers of the child who is being given the vaccination should be aware of all benefits of the vaccine including the risks , all though the risks are not as severe some parents may be against vaccination, but if they are being told about the benefits and what it could prevent from happening this would be really effective because vaccination is protecting our society and if someone breaks the chain of vaccination we could go back to where we were in 1957 before the vaccine was introduced.
Vaccines protects everybody from deadly diseases and it is believed that having a good confidence about immunization is a huge factor to be considered because this is really beneficial as it is to the parents and as it may be to the children them selves and the people around who it may benefit to.
The polio vaccine was introduced in 1955, since then the number of deaths reported declined over the years and as the western hemisphere reached 1991 polio was eradicated, in the 1960s babies as young as fetuses were born with rubella also known as the German measles, women were giving births to children who were blind, deaf, suffered from heart disease or mental retardation, however as soon as the rubella vaccine was introduced it had all calmed down because the vaccine was so effective it wiped the whole disease out nearly universally.
However on the other hand the risks associated with vaccination can sometimes be quite serious which makes the child become really ill but it's worth it. nd it is not guaranteed that the vaccine is actually going to keep your body free from any of the diseases, most of the time children are vaccinated for diseases which they are not likely to get into contact with or have, for instance polio which is no where near to be found anywhere in the US and kids there still get vaccinated for it , another example is hepatitis B which is transmitted like STD, so how are kids likely to get hepatitis B, and finally when a vaccination goes wrong no one could get prosecuted.
Conclusion I personally believe that all though there may be many risks associated with immunization it is still rreaching most favourable prevention and avoidance of dangerous infectious diseases. People must have confidence in immunization procedures as it will protect the society as well as the individual getting the vaccine. Thus I believe that everyone should recognise that vaccines are extremely effective in stopping and also preventing deafly diseases and deaths.