Why did Muhammad and his followers go on the Hijra? How did this affect the spread of Islam?
-got death threats in Mecca
-affected because Muhammad taught along the way
How have the teachings and practices of Islam helped to create a sense of community among Muslims who have never met and live in different parts of the world?
-Giving charity to the poor-give back to community
-know Arabic-interact with people
-a must for Muslims to go on hajj/Kaaba very important place
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How did the Umayyad caliphate treat non-Muslims in conquered lands?
-gave special taxes on non-Muslims-not convert people to Islam
-allowed non-Muslims to practice their faith
-many Jews and Christians played key roles
-tolerant so they practiced their faith
How did the Quran influence Islamic art
-calligraphy on Muslim buildings
-banned worship of idols
Describe the centers of learning in the Muslim world. How did Islam influence the development of the centers?
-able to learn math, medicine, and philosophy
-had to know how to read and write Arabic
even though Muhammad did not know