Founder of psychoanalysis:
Sigmund Freud
French physician who started a movement towards treating mentally ill patients more humanely.
Philippe Pinel
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Type of therapy that involves talking things out with a professional is called
Psychotherapy
Main goal of ____ therapies is to give people better understanding of their feelings & actions.
insight
Type of therapies aimed at changing disordered behavior are called
insight
An ________ therapist would help a client change his/her maladaptive behavior.
action
__________ is a type of insight-oriented therapy.
psychoanalysis
____________ is a key component of Freud's theory of psychotherapy.
dream interpretation
According to Freud, the storyline content of your dreams are called ______ content.
manifest
In interpreting a dream, a psychoanalyst would attempt to uncover the ______ content.
latent
Client's tendency to transfer his/her feelings onto the therapist is called
transference
When a client starts to block the forward movement of therapy, Freud called this
resistence
Humanistic therapy emphasizes personal choice and _______
free will
Carl Rogers believed most personal troubles were the result of mismatch between ideal self &
real self
Warmth & respect without conditions attached is called
unconditional positive regard
Gestalt therapy was developed based on the work of
Fritz Perls
A good candidate for humanistic therapy may be someone who is looking to change
occupations
__________ therapy is based on various learning principles.
Behavior
Behavior therapy often works based upon __________ modification.
behavior
Relaxing clients in the presence of a feared object or situation is __________ desensitization.
systematic
_______ therapy pairs an undesirable behavior with and aversive stimulus.
aversion
Systematic desensitization works best on people who have anxiety and/or __________.
phobias
Techniques like flooding & systematic desensitization are known as _____ therapies/techniques.
exposure
Process of learning through observation and imitation of others is
modeling
When a therapist models a specific learning technique to a client
participant modeling
_______ strengthens a response by following it with a pleasurable consequence.
positive reinforcement
______ strengthens a response by removing an unpleasant stimulus.
negative reinforcement
Involves awarding tokens for good behavior which can be traded for desired items.
token economy
A formal agreement regarding rules of behavior and consequences of not following them.
contingency contract
Removal of reinforcer to reduce the frequency of a behavior.
extinction
Beck's cognitive therapy is most effective at treating
depression
Taking responsibility for many things, even though you are not responsible for the problems.
personalization
When one focuses on only one negative aspect while ignoring the positive aspects (Aaron Beck).
selective thinking
Draws sweeping conclusions that your worst nightmare will come true & interfere with your life.
magnification
A therapist who tries to change client's irrational thoughts and increase coping mechanisms
cognitive-behavioral
Type of therapy in which clients meet regularly in a group setting to discuss problems
group
Medication, electroconvulsive shock therapy and psychosurgery are all types of
biomedical therapy
Alcoholics Anonymous is a well-known __________
self help group
Hallucinations, delusions and bizarre, erratic behavior can be treated with
anti-psychotic drugs
Traditional antianxiety drugs or minor tranquilizers are called
benzodiazepines