How did the Jewish Pharisees react to Greek culture during the Hellenistic period?
they set up their own school system because they feared for the very survival of Judaism.
Who fought the Punic Wars?
Rome and Carthage
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Which statement accurately describes the political philosophy of the Mauryan treatise called the Arthashastra?
It advocates that rulers ignore considerations of morality and act pragmatically to do whatever is best for the state.
What was the name given to the Greek Hellenistic empire that ruled over Egypt after Alexander the Great's death?
Seleucid empire or ptolemaic Empire.... look it up
What is the name for the Roman head of household, the man who exercised absolute rights over his wife, children, and slaves?
pater famililes
Why were empires more intermittent in India than in Persia, the Mediterranean, and China during the second-wave period?
India's social structure made for intensely local loyalties at the expense of wider identities.
What happened to Alexander's empire following his death in 323 B.C.E.?
It split into three different kingdoms, each ruled by a leading Macedonian general.
Which of the following best describes the type of government set up by the Romans when they established their independence in 509 B.C.E.?
Republic dominated by the wealthy class
Where did the second-wave empires of India emerge?
Along the Ganges River
What is a consul?
Elected Roman state executive
Empire played the least prominent role in which of the following regions?
India
Which of the following best describes the Greek cities established in the Hellenistic empires?
They became the major avenue through which Greek culture spread.
Which of the following best describes the rule of Octavian, better known as Augustus, who reigned over the Roman Empire between 27 and 14 B.C.E.?
While he ruled as an emperor, he was careful to maintain the forms of the republic.
Which of the following statements best describes the political situation in Northern India around 600 B.C.E.?
It comprised a mix of independent towns and cities along with a number of regional states.
How did ancient Greece come to be unified?
It was defeated by Macedonian king Philip II.
Which of the following was a dynasty during the second-wave rather than First Civilization period of Chinese history?
Han
What gave Indian civilization a recognizable identity and character?
A distinct religious tradition
Which of the following best describes ancient Greece?
It consisted of many city-states that were in frequent conflict but united by a common religion and language.
Which of the following protections within the political system did the poorer classes in republican Rome secure?
A tribune had the power to block legislation that he deemed unfavorable to the poorer classes.
Which of the following second-wave empires emerged last?
Gupta Empire
What sparked Persia's two invasions of Greece in 490 and 480 B.C.E.?
Greeks supported a rebellion among Persian subjects in the province of Ionia.
What political philosophy guided Emperor Qin Shihuangdi's rule, which was based on clear rules and harsh punishments?
Legalism
Which Indian manufactured good was much in demand throughout the Afro-Eurasian world during the period of the second-wave empires?
cotton textiles
Who led each side in the Peloponnesian War?
Sparta and Athens
Which of the following statements best describes why the Roman Empire continued to expand through conquest?
The Romans accumulated territories primarily for defensive reasons
Why do we know so much about Mauryan emperor Ashoka's activities and thinking?
He publicized his edicts by carving them on rocks and pillars across the region.
Around 500 B.C.E. what did the Greeks and the Persians share?
Like the Persians, the Greeks were an Indo-European people whose early history drew on the legacy of the First Civilizations.
Which Chinese dynasty established the political patterns that continued to govern China until the twentieth century?
Han
Which of the following is true of the Gupta Empire on the world stage?
Trade with China thrived
What did Persia come to represent in Greece following the wars of 490 and 480 B.C.E.?
Despotism
Which second-wave empire created a civil service system that provided a special education for bureaucrats, complete with examinations and selection by merit?
Chinese Empire
Which statement accurately describes the political philosophy of the Mauryan treatise called the Arthashastra?
It advocates that rulers ignore considerations of morality and act pragmatically to do whatever is best for the state.
What distinguished the emergence of the Greek and Persian empires in the millennium between 500 B.C.E. and 500 C.E. from those in China and India?
The Greek and Persian empires grew up next to each other leading to centuries-long interaction.
Which of the following best reflects the experience of elite women in Rome?
By the early centuries C.E., they were less restricted in their lives than they had been during the early centuries of the republic.
Which of the following statements best describes current scholarly thought on the collapse of the Indus Valley civilization by about 1500 B.C.E. and the emergence of a new civilization along the Ganges River valley?
Scholars have yet to come to any sort of agreement on what drove decline of the Indus Valley civilization and the emergence of civilization in the Ganges valley.
Which of the following best describes the legacy of Persian imperial bureaucracy and court life after the fall of the empire?
It provided a model for all subsequent regimes in the region for a thousand years or more.
Which of the following best describes the construction of the Roman Empire?
The empire was built in a prolonged process that took over 500 years.
Which of the following statements best describes a Persian emperor?
The Persian emperor sought to project power and authority through elaborate displays of magnificence.
Which of the following statements is true of Roman citizenship in the imperial period?
It gave legal status but did not mark cultural assimilation
Why is Ashoka important to world history?
He was an enlightened Mauryan emperor, who tried to govern in accord with religious values.
Which of the following was the most impressive of the world's second-wave empires in 500 B.C.E.?
Persian Empire
Which of the following statements best describes the role of nomadic peoples in the collapse of the Chinese Han dynasty in 220 C.E.?
A number of nomadic peoples conquered northern regions of the Chinese Empire setting up their own states.
Which of the following statements is true of Indian civilization?
It is both politically fragmented and culturally diverse.
Which of the following statements is true of the ancient Greek concept of citizenship?
Greek ideas of citizenship varied over time and place, but on the whole the Greeks gave an extraordinary public role to their citizens.
What was the ultimate political result of the infighting between Greek city-states that began in 431 B.C.E.?
Ultimately it led to their takeover by Macedonia.
Which second-wave emperor set up an imperial academy for the education of officials that became the training ground for his empire's civil service?
Wudi
Which of the following was a significant outcome of the Greek military victories over Persia in 490 and 480 B.C.E.?
It led to heightened participation in Athenian democracy.
Which of the following statements best describes the political situation in Northern India around 600 B.C.E.?
It comprised a mix of independent towns and cities along with a number of regional states.
Which of the following best describes the spread of Buddhism into China?
It enjoyed only a modest presence under the Han, but grew rapidly in the centuries following the collapse of the Han dynasty becoming one of several alternative cultural traditions in China.
Why do we know so much about Mauryan emperor Ashoka's activities and thinking?
He publicized his edicts by carving them on rocks and pillars across the region.
What gave Indian civilization a recognizable identity and character?
A distinct religious tradition
Empire played the least prominent role in which of the following regions?
India
Of which empire was it said that "there is no nation which so readily adopts foreign customs"?
Persian
What victory over the Persians in 490 B.C.E. was touted as a great victory of Greek freedoms over Asian despotism?
Battle of Marathon
Which of the following is true of the Gupta Empire on the world stage?
Trade with China thrived
Why were empires more intermittent in India than in Persia, the Mediterranean, and China during the second-wave period?
India's unparalleled cultural diversity meant that states failed to command the loyalty or influence on local populations that they did in other second-wave civilizations.
What might be considered a sign that the Chinese emperor had lost the Mandate from Heaven?
Disastrous floods were often taken as a sign.
Which of the following was an important motivation that drove Alexander the Great to invade Persia?
His desire to unify the fractious Greeks through a war against their common enemy
Which of the following statements is true of rulers known as tyrants in Greek city-states?
They were strong but benevolent rulers
What distinguished the Mauryan Empire in second-wave India from its counterparts in China and Rome?
It was not nearly as long-lasting.
Which of the following factors made it more difficult for Western Europe to construct a unified state similar to the Roman Empire following its collapse?
The absence of a strong bureaucratic system in the Roman Empire meant that states which sought to replace it could not build on its legacy.
Which of the following was a significant difference between the Chinese and Roman empires?
Only the Chinese Empire was viewed as a restoration of an earlier empire.
Which region of the Roman Empire had not experienced political collapse by 476 C.E.?
Eastern part of the Empire
In China persistent tension between which two dominant groups at the imperial court weakened the state during the late Han period?
Castrated court officials known as eunuchs and Confucian-educated scholar-bureaucrats
Which Greek state practiced the most radical form of democracy?
Athens
Which of the following was a feature of the Mauryan political system?
Emperors relied on a large contingent of spies to provide rulers with local information.
Why were centralized empires so much less prominent in India than in China?
India's unparalleled cultural diversity meant that states failed to command the loyalty or influence on local populations that they did in other second-wave civilizations.
Why were empires more intermittent in India than in Persia, the Mediterranean, and China during the second-wave period?
The frequency of invasions from Central Asia made imperial development difficult because these invasions repeatedly smashed states that might have provided the nucleus for an all-India empire.
Which of the following statements is true of the Hellenistic states?
They were monarchies whose rulers rejected democracy.
What caused the Peloponnesian War to break out between the Greek city-states in 431 B.C.E.?
Athens attempted to solidify its position as the most powerful and therefore politically dominant city-state in Greece.
What was the ruling dynasty of the Persian Empire?
Achaemenid dynasty
Which group drove Germanic refugees across the border into the Roman Empire in the fourth century C.E.?
Huns
Which of the following was a significant outcome of the collapse of the Roman Empire in Western Europe?
There was a decline in urban life.
While India experienced second-wave empires, they did not last as long or have as profound an impact as they did in other regions.
India
Why is Solon important to ancient history?
He reformed the Athenian political system.
The major revolt that led to the fall of China's Han dynasty is known as the
Yellow Turban Rebellion
Which of the following was a feature of the Mauryan political system?
The state operated many industries.
Which of the following statements is true of China's Qin dynasty?
It united China, but its rule was so brutal that the dynasty lasted less than twenty years.