if Jane's intelligence quotient (IQ) is 100, we know that she has a...
a. perfect score on a set of age-related tests.
b. test performance superior to 90% of other children the same age who took the test.
*c. mental age typical of children who have the same chronological age.*
d. mental age below those of children with the same chronological age.
___ intelligence tests assess a wide variety of mental abilities
a. IQ
b. Special
c. Multiple
*d. General*
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which is the most closely related to poverty?
a. metabolic disorders
*b. familial retardation*
c. birth injuries
d. fetal damage
which of the following is a part of Wechsler's definition of intelligence?
a. naturalistic intelligence
b. iconic memory and eidetic imagery
*c. ability to deal effectively with the environment*
d. spatial and kinesthetic abilities
which of the following statements concerning the relationship btw inspection time & IQ is true?
a. The longer the inspection time, the greater the intelligence.
*b. The longer the inspection time, the lower the intelligence.*
c. The shorter the inspection time, the lower the intelligence.
d. Inspection time and intelligence are not related.
Which of the following is one of Gardner's types of intelligence?
music
it can be argued that standardized testing (such as SAT) is beneficial bc
a. it can help label people as genius and gifted.
b. there is a perfect correlation between standardized tests and academic performance.
c. they predict future occupational success.
*d. they are fairer and more objective than admission officers' judgments.*
the fact that fraternal twins are more similar in intelligence than ordinary siblings suggest the importance of
a. common hereditary factors.
*b. common environmental factors.*
c. genetic effects.
d. effects of intrauterine environment.
A school curriculum built on Howard Gardner's theory of intelligence would provide
a. neuromuscular training because such skills underlie general intelligence.
b. training in logic, rhetoric, philosophy and math to strengthen the general factor in intelligence.
c. emphasis on creative, artistic abilities rather than the traditional emphasis on cognitive abilities.
*d. a diverse curriculum with education in skills not traditionally associated with IQ.*
Which of the following is a factor that influences success for the gifted?
a. extrinsic motivation
b. level of adjustment
*c. persistence*
d. sibling rivalry
The items actually selected for an intelligence test provide a(n) __________ definition of intelligence.
a. functional
b. valid
c. reliable
*d. operational*
The term "g-factor," written about by Neisser, refers to
a. generation factors.
*b. general abilities.*
c. Gardner factors.
d. group factors.
The best summary statement regarding the role of heredity on human intelligence is that
*a. heredity may impose upper limits on intelligence.*
b. heredity may impose lower limits on intelligence.
c. intelligence is almost completely related to genetic inheritance.
d. the similarity in IQ scores among maternal relatives is greater than that among paternal relatives.
The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale
a. was specifically designed to test adult intelligence.
b. provides separate scores for performance intelligence and verbal intelligence.
c. is completely culturally fair, in that children of different cultures do just as well as children in this culture.
*d. assumes that intellectual ability in childhood improves as age increases.*
If one psychologist administers a test simultaneously to several people, it must be a __________ test.
a. reliable
b. individual
c. performance
*d. group*
IQ may be defined as
*a. MA/CA ´ 100.*
b. CA/MA ´ 100.
c. MA/100 ´ CA.
d. MA x CA ´ 100.
Cross-cultural studies during the last thirty years show
a. virtually no changes in measured intelligence.
b. IQ gains of about 5 points.
c. evidence of genetic drift.
d. IQ gains that are typically 15 points. answer
The correlation of intelligence test scores between identical twins is
*a. higher when they are raised together than when they are raised apart.*
b. lower than that for fraternal twins raised together.
c. the same as that for any other blood relatives.
d. the same whether they are reared together or apart.
__________ involve(s) an ability to manage your own thinking and problem solving.
metacognitive skills
The intelligence test scores of identical twins are
the same whether they are reared together or apart
Having 47 chromosomes in each cell instead of 46 is a characteristic of
down syndrome
In Binet's test of intelligence, items included at each age level were those which
could be answered by an average child of that age
Which of the following is an approach to measuring reliability?
Terman showed that mentally gifted children
are generally successful in their chosen occupations as adults
Who would be the best norm group for the ACT or SAT college-entrance tests?
high school seniors
__________ is the capacity for learning certain and specific abilities.
intelligence
Mental retardation caused by birth injuries or fetal damage is called __________ retardation.
organic
Selective breeding for desirable characteristics is called
eugenics
Standardization includes formalizing testing procedures and establishing
norms
The person responsible for the development and design of the first useful individual test of intelligence is
Binet
Speed of processing has been measured by which of the following techniques?
the brain activity that follows exposure to a stimulus
The distribution of IQ scores
is approximately normal or bell-shaped.
When the same procedures are used in giving a test to all people, the test has been
standardized
Howard Gardner has theorized all of the following types of intelligence EXCEPT
creativity
A psychologist administers an intelligence test to 100 fourth graders. One month later the psychologist returns and re-administers the test. The psychologist is probably interested in
the reliability of the test
Which form of retardation can be controlled by a special diet?
PKU
Sandra is below normal intelligence but she is able to tell you the exact day of the week of September 13, 1957. She has __________ syndrome.
savant
Howard Gardner theorizes that there are __________ different kinds of intelligence.
8
Billy has a mental age of 8 and a chronological age of 10. Billy's IQ is
80
The average twelve-year-old child has a mental age equal to
12
A genetically-induced lack of an enzyme that is a cause of a type of mental retardation describes
phenylketonuria
Which of the following is another word for reliability?
consistency
Helena took a(n) __________ test which indicated that she could excel in teaching English as a second language.
special aptitude
A test is said to be reliable if it
gives about the same score to a person when given on different occasions.
A large number of people were asked to answer only the odd-numbered questions on a test. Later, they are asked to answer only the even-numbered questions. By comparing each person's two scores, a determination of the test's __________ reliability could be made.
split-half
When a person of limited intelligence shows exceptional abilities in art, music, mental arithmetic, or calendar calculations, it is called
savant syndrome