Currently, many groups and organizations are arguing whether or not animal testing should be banned. Some people believe that there are reasons why animal experiments should be done. Others believe that it is morally wrong. Some experts believe that there are other options available. It is widely accepted that there are several benefits to use animals-based science in scientific research, education and medical research because of the benefits they bring to both animal and people.
On the other hand, it could not be implemented directly to human and there is a lack of cost effectiveness. It is noticeable that animal testing should not be banned in terms of the usefulness from animals-based science. Firstly, research using animals has diverse aims. Some researchers usually use animals to experiment with on them. For example, investigate their behaviour, simply just study the animal, investigate animal breeding and so on. Moreover, some experts claim that it can be beneficial to improving the health and well-being of people. In the late 1940s, polio crippled and killed thousands of people around the world every year. today, the disease has been eliminated from most of the world only 16 countries worldwide have cases of polio in limited areas. Today’s children routinely receive a vaccine that provides a lifetime of protection from the disease which were made possible through animal research. Untold millions of people around the world are healthy adults because of these vaccines, which were made possible through animal research. (AALAC, n. . ). It is very clear that without such testing all of these procedures that save thousands of lives and elevate the pain of millions of people would simply not be possible. Apart from that, it could be useful in military defence research. Ian Murnaghan states that ‘military defence uses animal testing for a variety of areas, including the development of weapons and vaccines’. (Ian Murnaghan 2010). It would be assumed that animals used in military defence are usually used to test new vaccines and improve weapons.
This is very advantageous as that the military can maintain a high technological standard. Animals are also used to investigate injury; that way they will know how to handle further situations involving this kind of damage. ‘An experienced cancer researcher and pharmacologist with a strong interest in understanding how animals help advance medical research”. (Dr. Forster, 2011). Therefore, there is strong support to suggest that without animal testing, they could never have accomplished some of the great advances that have been made in scientific research.
Secondly, some experts believe that all such education involves describing, explaining and demonstrating how the bodies of animal and people work and how the functions of the body can be modified to benefit animals or people. ‘The American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine takes the position that their responsible use of animals in biomedical research, testing, and education is essential to the prevention and treatment of diseases of animals and man’. (ACLAM, n. d. ). Animal education has not benefited humans alone.
It has also improved healthcare and a longer life span; farm animals, household pets, wild species and endangered species are all benefiting from the study conducted through animals. Animal testing has also led to advances in knowledge that may help people develop additional cures, including an understanding of the Malaria lifecycle, Tuberculosis, and the function of neurons. Moreover, many students are required to use animals in practical classes, in order to choose their future careers involving animals. Live animals have traditionally been in use in undergraduate laboratories to illustrate concepts covered during the lectures in health sciences education’. (Dr. Nisha Shantakumari, 2010). There are sufficient alternative teaching aids available to obtain more useful educational objectives as those currently being met with the use of animals. Some researchers believe that the decrease in human deaths due to cardiovascular diseases is because of the knowledge gained out of animal testing and studying. Therefore, it is very beneficial in all areas.
Meanwhile, it can be useful to help people learn more and collect more advantageous information to be adopted for both humans and animals. Thirdly, many advances in medical research could not have been made without the use of animals in some way, and many have been of enormous benefit to humanity. For example, cosmetic testing has been tested on most of the consumer products at home, such as skin creams, shampoo, soap and so on. Undoubtedly, medical treatment and cosmetics are in high demand. Animal testing on cosmetics is one of the vast majority of controversial areas of nimal testing. Some experts claim that many cosmetics and personal care products are manufactured every year and distributed within the market after they have been tested on animals. It is believed that almost every product was tested at some stage in its development on an animal. ‘Animal testing is appropriate in every instance that benefits people. This can include medical advancements, cosmetic testing, the testing of household products and many other important uses. The process is necessary to protect the health of humans, and is the only way to ensure the safety of a product. (Lillian Schermerhorn, Lauren Darnell & Allison Wheeler, n. d. ). There is a legal requirement to test how safe and effective chemicals, drug and other therapeutic agents are before they can be sold. It could be argued that the vast majority of manufacturers want to make sure that humans are not in any amount of danger. It is logical to assume that, animals tested are usually used in testing products in order to prove that the products in everyday life are safe to use. Thus, it is widely accepted that animals testing is necessary to protect the health of humans, and there is the only way to ensure the safety of products.
Overall, it could be argued that animals testing are needed for everyday life. Animal testing is undoubtedly necessary for human prosperity and well-being. It provides data necessary to reduce pain and suffering in humans. It can be useful for family members or friends who became ill from an infectious disease, virus, or bacteria; it is likely that animal testing can save his or her life. The lives of these animals are sacrificed to protect humankind. Thus, I personally think that doing testing on animals is morally appropriate and should not be completely banned until there is a successful replacement for itself.