Bell laboratories is a company in the telecommunications industry. It has done several innovations which have created success in the modern communication industry in the global market.

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The company employs a team of researchers to develop innovative technologies about telecommunications. Bell laboratories has existed in the market due to its innovative products as well as ethical management of the organization. Several strategies have been adopted to expand the operations of the company including establishing mergers with other companies in the industry. This has increased access to new markets as well as development of new innovative products (Ganapati, 2008).

History of the company

According to Bruce and Bell (1990, pg. 34) "Bell Laboratories (also known as Bell Labs and formerly known as AT&T Bell Laboratories and Bell Telephone Laboratories) is the research and development organization of Alcatel-Lucent and previously of the American Telephone & Telegraph Company (AT&T)."

Alexander Graham Bell was the founder of the company in 1877. The company gained monopoly in the telecommunication industry of U.S in the early 20th century. In 1970s it became the largest telecommunication company in the world.

The headquarters of the company are located in Murray Hill, New Jersey. The company started by researching how to record and transmit sound. Several research and development centers of the company have been established in many countries of the world. To enhance research and education, Bell used most of its profits to create innovative products which would be used by all categories of people (Ganapati, 2008).

Incorporation into AT&T

"In 1925 Western Electric Research Laboratories and part of the engineering department of the American Telephone & Telegraph Company (AT&T) were consolidated to form Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc., as a separate entity" (Bruce and Bell, 1990, pg. 45). Bell labs was later owned in partnership by AT&T and Western Electric Company.

The company did several projects including U.S. government work, consultancy work for Bell Telephone Companies and many others. In 1984 the Federal government forced AT&T to separate itself from the activities of Bellcore.

"Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc., was then renamed AT&T Bell Laboratories, Inc., and became a wholly owned company of the new AT&T Technologies unit, the former Western Electric" (Ganapati, 2008, para. 31).

Lucent Technologies merged with Alcatel in 2006. Lucent Technologies was the mother company to Bell Technologies. Alcatel-Lucent Inc. started its operations as a single company.

This merger has been of great success to the company since many technologies have been developed and more products have been produced. "In December 2007, it was announced that the former Lucent Bell Laboratories and the former Alcatel Research and Innovation would be merged into one organization under the name of Bell Laboratories" (Ganapati, 2008, para. 25).

Bell Labs entry technologies

Bell Laboratories ventured into the production of several technologies such as "radio astronomy, the transistor, the laser, information theory, the UNIX operating system, and the C programming language" Bruce and Bell (1990, pg. 46).

The company has been awarded seven Nobel Prizes for the innovative technologies in the telecommunications industry. Bell Labs employs researchers to find out innovative technologies about telecommunication programs.  The strong R&D department of the company has been very strong and has promoted the advancement of modern technologies.

 The company has produced several Nobel Prize winners due to its effective use of technology and the excellent innovative products made by the team of professionals. Computer inventions have been done by the development of technologies in computing. The team of researchers has done several innovations about integrating computer knowledge into the telecommunications industry.

For example, "In 1970 Dennis Ritchie developed the compiled C programming language as a replacement for the interpretive B for use in writing the UNIX operating system (also developed at Bell Laboratories)" Bruce and Bell (1990, pg. 54). Bell Laboratories also developed the original version of UNIX awk. The C++ programming language was also established by the team of experts of the company. This was an expansion of the C programming language.

"On August 28, 2008, Alcatel-Lucent announced it was pulling out of basic science, material physics, and semiconductor research and it will instead focus on more immediately marketable areas including networking, high-speed electronics, wireless networks, nanotechnology and software" (Ganapati, 2008, para. 45). Telecommunication today has developed from the work of Bell Laboratories. Most of the innovative ideas in the communication industry have their origin from the organization.

Conclusion

Bell Laboratories has succeeded in the improvement of the telecommunication industry. The company has done several innovations which have contributed to the modern communication industry. The company has been awarded several prizes for its innovative technologies. It has also merged with several companies to enhance production of innovative products in the market.

The company has integrated computer knowledge into the production of innovation telecommunication sector. The modern state of the telecommunication owes its background from Bell Laboratories. More technologies are being developed and the future of the company is speculated to expand the telecommunication and computing industry. Efficient management has contributed to the success of the organization.

References:

Bruce, Bell, Robert V. (1990). Alexander Bell and the Conquest of Solitude. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1990. ISBN 0-80149691-8.

Ganapati, Priya (2008-09-27). "Bell Labs Kills Fundamental Physics Research". Wired. Retrieved 2010-05-13 from;

<http://blog.wired.com/gadgets/2008/08/bell-labs-kills.html..>