mt potosi
-spaniards discovered silver, dropped price of gold, sold slaves instead so make up for lost profit
Carribean and Brazil
Carribean- sold to grow tabacco and sugar
Brazil- agricultural plantations and mining ore
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forced assmilation in north (US_)
divide and ocnquer for constant fear of revolt
-split up slaves with same origin and language
-why the african religion didnt inculturate here
forced assimilation in the south (carribean)
-baptized as any slaves as possible to keep groups together
-religion was inculturated with catholicism
Caribbean religion
vodun
cuban religion
santeria, african and spanish catholicism
brazilian religion
concomble, mix of french catholicism and african religin
hierophany
person, place or thing that allows god or spirituality to break thru
-jesus
-bread and wine
-orishas
-7 colors of rainbow refracted from the same light source
vodun
-haiti

creator
_______
Lao
_______
humans

-possession, ppl become mounted when in a trance and dancing
-take chickens soul and give it to the loa so it can have energy back

latin american music
-Brazil: Samba
-Cuba: Rumba
-Dominican- Merengue
-Santeria: Bata
-Puerto Rico: Bomba
Magical realism
-genre of literature and cinema characterized by:

-set in real time and space
-fantastical elements
-author doesnt explain why elements are there
-latin american genre
-pans labrinyth
Guillermo do toro

mainstream protestantism
god
______
jesus
______
humans
catholicism
god
_______
sacraments/saints
___________
humans
african religion: santeria
creator
___________
orishas
________
humans

-fluid boundary btween orisha and humans, two way street
-the way of the saints

Santeria Cosmology
-african religious worldview
-orishas as intermediate being
-most christianized african religion
-patakis- stories about religion, no book like bible
-santeria introduced by slaves
cabildos
places where catholics baptized slaves
-where santeria was formed
-slaves shared language and ethnicity
-during fiestas slaves would be asked to join in celebration f catholic saints, were able to partake in both aspects of religion
vodun and degree of christianity
-most africanized because of haitian revolution
-when leader was overthrown, they had no other religion to conform toso were free to practice african religion
code of santeria
1) nature based
-nature as an intermediate
-external-mountains, rivers, oceans, orishas are assigned to certain aspects of nature
-internal-energy within humans, certain ppl have orishas assigned to them like astrology signs
-nature is influenced and effects natural world (2 way street)

2) reciprocity
-give and take of energy
-orishas need humans like humans need orishas
-priests and priestesses are expected to feed orishas

saint
roman catholic
-certain exemplary christians were deemed as saints
-christ live lives
-martyrs- choosing death over letting go of faith when christianity was illegal in rome
monastics
monks and nuns devote live to life of prayer and service
the communion of the saints
there is a mystical connection btween ppl of faith
-I am the vine, the disciples are the branches
-interconnectedness isnt severed in death, dead are included
-saints pray for and with us
community of santeria
-hierarchical priesthood
-santero-male priest
-babalozha- father of orisha
-santera- mother of orisha (lyalocha)
who becomes a priest
1) calling, orisha calls you
2) "bad luck"- life turns upside down
3) consultation- figuring out responsibilities
-divination- IFA, discern what god has in store for you by doing rituals
-reading tea leaves, throwing shells
-determining which orisha is assigned to you
4)initiation
-if accepted, priest gives spiritual protection
-given bracelets called elekes
5) apprenticeship- learning the ways of a priest, learning patakis, learn diviniation, learn healing with herbs
-learn magical spells (ebbos)
6) formal ordination
-asiento- ascend to level of orishas
-orisha energy goes to head

7) use repsonsibilities
-home of priest becomes temple due to cuba being colonialized the religion was forced into the home

bota nica
public santeria store
-can but herbs for healing and animals for sacrifice
priests home
-must be invited
-home alter
-has to have certain rocks (otanes) that contain specific energy
-can be used for ceremonies (fiestas/tambors), held on feast day of saint, or when priest feels it should be held
Santeria Cultus
-rituals
-sacrifice and offering animals
-dancing and drumming
-orisha mounts
-tamboras