The representation of a person in a story.
The way in which an author portrays a character to the reader.
The leading or principle figure in a work. The protagonist and antagonist are generally rivals, enemies, or foils.
The character or force that is the rival, opponent, or enemy of the principle character, or protagonist, in a work.
A character that has many characteristics. Lots of detail.
A character that has one or a few characteristics. Not much detail.
A character that does not undergo a change in character throughout the story.
A character that changes through the course of the story.
A conventional character; stereotype. Stock characters people literary works as the allegorical personifications in ancient morality plays to immediately recognizable characters in modern drama, such as the meddling in-laws or the studious "nerd."
A character who is a cliche.
Author provide commentary about a character-appearance, motivation.
Character is interpreted through actions and dialogue.
The pattern of events in a story.
The events leading up to the climax.
The highest point in the story. Often times the most suspenseful.
The result of something is disappointing.
The events after the climax which brings everything to a close.
French for "untying," the plot's unraveling, clarification, or solution. the term implies an ingenious, satisfying outcome of the main dilemma, as well as an explanation of the minor plot complications.
How the conflict is dealt with.
Author drops clues about plot development.
Jumping back chronologically to provide information.
An ending that isn't anticipated.
The central conflict is not resolved.
The feeling of nervousness and a build up of emotion.
The type of conflict a character has within them self.
An apposing force against the character outside of the character.
Limited Omniscient Point of View
The thoughts and ideas of one character is given.
Omniscient Point of View
The thoughts of all characters are given.
Objective Point of View
None of the characters' thoughts are revealed and the reader is left to infer.
First Person Point of View
Narration using I, Me...etc.
The place and time a story takes place.
General feeling of a piece of writing; emotional words are often used.
eg. scary, suspenseful
Author's attitude towards subject; uses emotion.
Feeling created by author's word choice.
Things that represent something else.
Things that happen or objects in a story that provide a deeper meaning.
The "lesson" or piece of knowledge to be taken away from a story.
Asserts that a particular theory or opinion is correct or more truthful than other perspectives.
Provides details, including sensory ones, to illustrate a point.
Writing is impersonal, systematic, and often has a serious tone.
A more relaxed, personal form expression, may use humour.
Focuses on subjective experiences or personal perspectives.
Tries to explain something.
Tries to convince a reader, using logic and reason.
Compare and Contrast
Look for similarities and differences.
Pro and Con Argument
Ideas both for and against a particular topic are addressed.
A single event or instance is examined in depth.
Cause and Effect
Organizing information so problem is identified first, including its cause, and the subsequent outcome.
Using short narratives or hearsay to support a point.
Comments on a topic are provided by a subject matter expert.
An allusion to an event that previously took place.
eg. Waterloo, 9/11
Using numeric principles to support a theory; need to understand reliability and validity.
The order-time order-beginning, middle, end. No flashback.
Building from least important to most important information.
A preference or dislike of something; a personal belief or stance.
A metaphor, simile, or expression that is overused and unoriginal.
An expression that is found in informal situations or in particular regions.
Word choice; a more sophisticated use of language is considered a "high level" of diction.
Elevated, uses a high level of diction
Specialized language of a particular subject
Using words, phrases, sentences, or ideas that are similar in structure
A question asked for dramatic effect and for which no answer is expected form the audience.
Words that are commonly used but not acknowledged as correct English.
eg. calling an old car a "beater"
Lessening or minimizing the importance of what is being said
the group a writer is directing her work toward. Impacts language and formality
The goal or outcomes being sought by a writer
Author of "Hills Like White Elephants"
Plot in "Hills Like White Elephants"
-Couple sit and discuss their lifestyle
-Jig looks at the fertile side of the river and talks about having everything
-train is about to arrive, no clear decision
Characterization in "Hills Like White Elephants"
-doesn't seem to care about anything doesn't want any change or responsibility.
The girl "Jig"-pet name/nickname
-dependent, slightly immature
Conflict in "Hills Like White Elephants"
-She's pregnant, he wants her to abort it.
-What each wants from the relationship is different
Symbolism in "Hills Like White Elephants"
"white elephant"- burden that is valuable, yet costly
Ebro River- Station side is black and barren
Train Station-junction-couple is also metaphorically at a crossroads
Licorice-looks inviting but not everyone's favourite
Other side of river, field of grain, trees-not where they are, but where she'd life to be?
Point of View in "Hills Like White Elephants"
Setting in "Hills Like White Elephants"
Theme in "Hills Like White Elephants"
-Hard choice in life must be faced
-Relationships don't always turn out well
Author of "Say Yes"
Plot in "Say Yes"
-whether or not blacks and whites can get married
-would you marry me if I were the same person but black-no
-he changes his mind; she has him turn the light off
Characterization in "Say Yes"
dynamic character-comes to appreciate his wife?
Conflict in "Say Yes"
Is love unconditional
Point of View in "Say Yes"
Limited omnicient the husband
Setting in "Say Yes"
Kitchen, suburban house
possibly southern California
late 20th century
Theme in "Say Yes"
Love is unconditional
Symbolism in "Say Yes"
-cleaning the kitchen-reverting to beginning
Author of "Yours"
Plot in "Yours"
-age difference between couple revealed
-Allison begins to die
-she has Clark so she doesn't die alone
-Allison askes Clark to help her carve pumpkins
-Clark says her pumpkins are better
-wants to tell Allison that having talents can lead to a frustrating life
Conflict in "Yours"
-negative attitudes towards age difference
Symbolism in "Yours"
-time of day-transition to night-death
-jack o' lateen-keeps evil spirits away
-Hallowe'en-festival of the dead
Point of View in "Yours"
mostly objective and transitions to limited omniscient
Setting in "Yours"
Theme in "Yours"
shouldn't judge others
if people are happy, who are we to judge?
Characterization in "Yours"