worlds largest public computer network, a network of networks that provides a vast array of services to individuals, businesses, and organizations
Client Server
network architecture in which one computer or program (the client) makes a servce request from another computer or program (the server), which provides the service
Peer to Peer (P2P)
network architecture that does not utilize a central server but facilitates communication directly between clients with computers acting as both client and server
Voice over IP (VoIP)
technologies that support voice communication using internet protocol over data networks
Internet Backbone
main internet pathways and connections, made up of the many national and international communication networks that are owned by major telecom companies such as verizon, at&t, and sprint-the same companies and networks that provide telephone service
the protocols on which the internet is based on
Internet service Provider (ISP)
a company that provides individuals and organization with access to the internet
network devices that manages network traffic by evaluating messages and routing them over the fastest path to their destination
Domain Name System (DNS)
maintains a database of all domain names and IP adresses used on the internet and acts like a phonebook, supplying information to internet nodes and routers working to get data packets to their destination
address used by clients and servers that is associated with a specific service
Web Technologies
hardware, software and protocols that allow the web to exist. the web is an internet service that provides convinient access to information and services through hyperlinks
Web Browser
used to request web pages from web servers, interpret the HTML code in the web page that is delivered, and display it on the screen (firefor, safari)
Web Server
software that fulfills page requests from web clients and the computers that run such software
Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
acts as a web page address, incorporating the domain name of the web server and the location of the web page file on the server
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
primary markup language used to specify the formating of a web page
Extensible Markup Language (XML)
provides method for describing and classifying internet-delivered data so that is is easier to organize and manage
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
allows easy application of visual styles for fonts, colors, layout, and other page attributes to create a visual theme for web pages and sites
small text file placed on a users computer by a web server in order to indentify the user whenever he or she returns to visit a web site
works with a web browser to offer extended services such as audio players, video, animation, 3D graphic viewers, and interactive media
Really Simple Syndication (RSS)
web technology used to automatically deliver frequently updated web content, such as blogs, podcasts, and news, in a standardized fashion
Web Resources
many and varied, assisting individuals. businesses and organizations with all facets of life including education, news and information sharing, communication, travel, commerce, employment, and entertainment
Search Engine
valuable software tool that enables users to find information on the Web by specifying words that are key to their topics of interest-keywords
Web Portal
web page that combines useful information and links, and acts as an entry point to the web-the first page you open when you begin browsing the web
____ was invented to standardize computer interfaces aroung one type of connection
USB port
A database of route domain name servers oversees and tracks all ____ and domain names
Internet addresses
It is the ____ service provider that provides the point of presence hubs needed to connect users to the internet
____ defines how information travels across the internet
The URL is the ___
Domain Name