|Age Range 0-3 |Age Range 0-3 |Age Range 0-3 | |Physical development |Communication and language development |Social, emotional and behavioural development | |. Birth-1 year - children master in both gross and fine motor skills. |.

Birth- 1 year - Cognition begins, awareness and recognition. Able to |. Birth-1 year - Develops an attachment to the primary carer, often | |Babies are able to reflex their heads in order to suckle the mother’s |be stimulated with toys. Cry in different tempo’s so that the parent |the mother. Watches parents face when being spoken to. Smiles and | |nipple. Able to lift head when placed on their stomach. Kicks and |will be able to know whether their hungry, tired or just feeling |makes gurgling and laughing noises. |moves legs and arms. Supports their whole body on their legs. Develops|unwell. Appears to listen to parent’s voice - often watches their |. 1-2 years - Enjoys social play, might have a certain toy that they | |vision, able to recognise familiar faces. |faces. |like to play with or a favourite song. Responds to other people’s | |Teeth will emerge from about 6 months |. 1-2 years - Responds to the word ‘no’. Shows emotions by tone of |expressions i. e. ad, smiley face. Often known as the terrible 2’s | |. 1 -2 years - Develop muscles in arms and legs for walking. |voice. Babbles chains of consonants. |children often test you to see where your boundaries lie. | |Coordination, stability and an improved ability to hold objects. |. 2-3 years - Perfection in language skills and uses language to |. 2-3 years – Develops friendships with other children normally by | |. 2-3 years - Increased muscle and strength, uses motor skills such |communicate. watching and copying others. Toilet training represents a significant| |as attempting to ride a bike, climb stairs, hold utensils for eating, | |part of social rules and expectations. Experiences pride and pleasure| |or holds a crayon. By this stage most children would have mastered | |at being good but distress when being told off when he/she has been | |toilet training. |bad, this is due to embarrassment. | | | | | | | | | Age Range 3-7 |Age Range 3-7 |Age Range 3-7 | |Physical development |Communication and language development |Social, emotional and behavioural development | |. Gross motor abilities have emerged. |. More intensive vocabulary is used |.

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Expands social relationships outside the family members. | |. Stands on one foot unaided. |. Uses languages as a way of communication |. Role plays and interacts well with peers; often want to be more | |. Skips, runs, hops, swings, climbs |. Asks questions |like their friends. | |. Growth |. Speaks sentences of more than five words |.

Begins to explore and imitate and practises social roles such | |. Fine motor skills – can use pincers to hold pencils, use scissors to|. Uses future tense |playing Mums and Dads etc. | |cut |. Knows some colour names |. Tries new things and often curious. | | |. Count to ten or more objects |. Understands the difference between right and wrong. | |. Start to read books and enjoy stories |. Likes to dance, sing | | |. Start to knows the difference between fact or fiction |. Sometimes demanding | | |. Write their own name and start to write small sentences |.

Able to tie up own shoe laces | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Age Range 7-12 |Age Range 7-12 |Age Range 7-12 | |Physical development |Communication and language development |Social, emotional and behavioural development | |. Growth – height, weight |. Able to write comprehensively |. Less time spent with parents and more time with peers | |.

Flexibility, balance and agility |. More varied vocabulary |. Girls can be over sensitive especially if they have started their | |. Further muscle tone and strength |. Creative skills are shown |periods | |. Interested in sports and hobbies |. Read fluently |. Friendships start to form with boys and girls | |. Puberty - Menstruation for girls thus pubic hair and aspire nd voice|. Play an instrument |. Friendship problems are more apparent | |changes for the boys and some signs of facial and pubic hair. Both |. Communicate with peers via verbal, mobile, internet and generally |. Understanding more about their bodies and share personal | |sexes start to aspire |computer illiterate |information to friends | | |.

Questioning on how things happen, more inquisitive about life in |. Tend to stop playing games and often hang around with each other | | |general |. Hormones in both sexes often spur a intense moment of physical or | | | |emotional differences | | | |.

Outbursts and disagreements with parents over boundaries | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |Age Range 12-16 |Age Range 12 and upwards |Age Range 12-16 | |Physical development |Communication and language development |Social, emotional and behavioural development | |. Maturity of sexual organs |. Often use slang or abbreviated words |.

Self preservation – washing more regularly, H&S | |. Acne |. Vocabulary can often be less extensive |. Aware of the opposite sex | |. Growth spurts |. Social networking |. Girls generally mature faster than boys this can cause | |. More physical hair growth |. Tend to look at more information via the internet |embarrassment for both sexes | |.

Boys will notice increased oil production on the skin |. Reading occurs more as a hobby |. Spend even less time at home | |. Body odour | |. Girl’s experiment with the way that they look i. e. hair dying, make| |. Deepening of the voice | |up, false nails | |. Increase of body fat | |.

Nocturnal emissions (wet dreams) | | | |. Sleep longer | | | |. Temperamental – think people are picking on them, especially | | | |parents | | | |.

Insecurities | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Age Range 16-19 | |Age Range 16-19 | |Physical development | |Social, emotional and behavioural development | |. More growth spurts | |. Start driving lessons/driving | |. Strength | |. Leaving the family home | |.

Muscle tone | |. Relationship problems | | | |. Money management | | | |. Sexual appetite | | | |.

Need to shave for both sexes | | | |. Attitude | | | |. Rebellious | | | |. Working | | | |.

Drinking | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |