Link
You click a ____ to go from on Web page to another.

networks
The Internet connects millions of computers connected through millions of ____ worldwide.

e-commerce
Buying and selling products via electronic channels such as the Internet is called ___.

VoIP
You use ____ when your telephone calls travel over the Internet instead of using traditional phone systems.

cloud computing
With ____ you can access storage and applications over the Internet.

desktop computer
Computing hardware that is not very portable, but highly functional, perhaps used by a graphic designer creating a logo using complex graphics software, printer, and digital camera add-ons

convertible computer
device with a detachable keyboard that can convert to a tablet for mobility

laptop
computing device that is highly functional and very portable, likely to be used by a traveling salesperson who constantly needs to update a database after client visits

operating system
platform that coordinates the functions of various hardware components and determines the types and brands of application software you can use

peripheral
Device that can be attached to a computer to extend the computer's functionality, such as adding printing or video capabilities

storage device
A component, internal or external, that stores information and flies permanently for future use

tablet
Device often used for online applications such as web browsing or email, but not great for creating complex spreadsheets

Random Access Memory (RAM)
Temporary storage used to store data and run programs (including your operating system) while your machine is running

peripheral
An add-on device that extends a computer's functionality; for example, by adding printing, scanning, or video capturing capabilities

laptop computer
Computing device that is more expensive than a desktop, but highly functional and very portable, likely to be used by a traveling salesperson who constantly needs to update a database on the road

NIC
Computers need this hardware to connect to a network

ISP
Company that offers Internet access to individuals and businesses

PAN
Bluetooth is a technology often used in this type of network

router
This device connects two or more networks and directs the flow of information along the network

peer-to-peer
Network technology best suited to networks of ten or fewer computers

NIC
Your computer needs a(n) ___ to access a network

Network Standards
Bluetooth, 3G, and WiMAX are examples of ___.

WiFi
Wireless LANs and public hotspots use ___ technology to connect to the Internet.

HomePNA
____ allows computers to be networked through ordinary telephone wires.

LTE
____is a newer standard for cell network communications

3rd
DEC minicomputer

1st
COLOSSUS

4th
Personal Computer

2nd
IBM 1401

flat panel
Many display devices are ___ monitors.

projector
A ___ lets you display computer output on a wall.

hard copy
Printers produce ___ output.

voice synthesizer
A ___ is an audio output device that converts texts to speech.

soft copy
Displays produce ___ output.

drag
move an object on the screen

gesture
use your fingers to zoom the display

double click
issue a command

click
select an object on the screen

right click
display a shortcut menu

2
a word-processing document of 500 words and with an illustration

3
a 5-minute audio file

1
a word processing document of 500 words and no illustration

5
a full length movie

4
a 5-minute video file

RAM, DRAM
Volatile

ROM, EEPROM, flash, BIOS
Nonvolatile

external hard drive
Complete PC backup

internal hard drive
Operating system and application software

DVD or BD disks
full length movie

tape drive
corporate data backup

USB flash drive
a few files to be transferred from one computer to another

local
Applications that are installed on your computer's hard drive

mobile
Applications that run on smartphones and tablet computers

Web-based
Applications that you access over the Internet

portable
Applications that are stored on and run from removable storage devices like CDs, DVDs, or flash drives

font size
what you need to change to make words appear bigger on the page

font type
this defines what text characters look like

alignment
the document formatting feature you use to make paragraphs line up with the left side of the page

line spacing
you adjust this to control the amount of white space in between rows of text

text effect
shadowing and reflection are examples of this

label
text that describes the contents of another cell or cells in a worksheet

range
a group of adjacent or nonadjacent cells

name box
the park of a worksheet that displays the cell address of the active cell

formula
an equation that performs a calculation to generate a value

cell
the intersection of a single row and column in a worksheet

record
all of the fields for a single database entity

form
a data entry tool you use to input data into a database

view
the display format that you choose when working with a database object on the screen

table
a collection of records

query
a data retrieval tool that finds specifies data within a database

bus
An electronic channel that transfers data in multiple directions

cycle
the smallest unit of time a processor can measure

processor clock
sets the speed at which the CPU executes instructions

CPU
the "brain" of a computer

ALU
performs arithmetic and logic functions in the CPU

processor
a complex integrated circuit consisting of millions of electronic parts

cache
High-speed, easily accessible storage space used by the CPU

benchmark
A test to determine processor speed

core
The number of these in a CPU help determine processor performance

bits
Bus width is measured in these

embedded
electronic devices such as card readers use ____ operating systems

network
a server, also called a(n) ____, operating system is a multiuser operating system because it controls a central computer that can support many users

mobile
a(n) ____ operating system has features similar to a desktop operating system, but is simpler and significantly smaller

multipurpose
UNIX is called a(n) ___ operating system because it can run on a desktop PC or a server

personal or desktop
Operating systems installed on a single computer are called ____ operating systems

virtual memory
Part of the hard drive that the operating system uses as additional RAM

memory management
a key task that operating systems perform to use RAM efficiently

parallel processing
a processing technique an operating system uses to divide one task among many processors

multithreading
a processing technique an operating system uses to process many parts of a single program

multiprocessing
a processing technique an operating system can use if the computer has many processors

device letter
what windows and linux use to identify each storage device on a computer

extension
part of a file name that usually reflects the file format

executable
type of file containing instructions that tell your computer how to perform specific tasks

native
the file format that an application can always open

file
a name collection of data on a storage medium such as a hard disk, CD,DVD, or USB flash drive

format
file ___ refers to the organization and layout of data in a file

read only
a(n) ___ cannot be modified or deleted

extension
Most file names include a(n) ___ a short identifier separated from the main part of the file name by a dot

file size
The ___ property is sometimes indicated in kilobytes or megabytes

back up
a(n) ___ is a special type of file that allows you to restore data to the original storage location

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