Cleopatras father was Ptolemy XII, who began his rule of Egypt in 80 BC but he was not respected and thought to be weak. His nickname was Auletes, which means flute player in Greek. Cleopatras mother could possibly be Cleopatra V, who either died or disappeared in 68 BC. Cleopatra had two older sisters, two younger brothers, and one younger sister.
Ptolemy XII ruled until his death in 51 BC. His will said that Cleopatra and Ptolemy XIII were heirs to the throne. The two married and jointly ruled Egypt. Ptolemy II had established these brother-sister marriages as custom, when he married his sister Arsinoe II. Cleopatra and her brother ruled jointly, though the marriage was solely in law. Cleopatra was about 18, and Ptolemy XIII was about 10. They were named King and Queen of Egypt in 51 BC. Cleopatra did most of the ruling and left her brother out it.
Ptolemy served as a puppet for power-hungry advisors and in 48 BC kicked Cleopatra out of the palace. Cleopatra retaliated by building her own army outside the city. Cleopatra knew that she had to get to Caesar and tell her side of the story. She had herself smuggled into the palace in a rug. The young Queen enchanted Caesar, and the two spent the night together. Ptolemy XIII was called to the audience and was dismayed to see that Cleopatra was at his side.
What was a war between Cleopatra and Ptolemy XIII, evolved onto a war between Ptolemy XIII and Caesar? Caesar had given Cyprus back to Egypt, and Arsinoe IV and Ptolemy XIV were named rulers. Arsinoe appeared to believe that she should also be Queen of Egypt, because of her alliance with Ptolemy XIII against Caesar.
Caesar may have had Pothinus beheaded because of what he did to Pompey, or he may have died in the fighting. Way, he was either dead or missing. Ptolemy XIII, hearing of this, threw his crown down and stormed out of the palace. He supposedly later drowned trying to leave the city. Caesar took prisoner Arsinoe IV.
Cleopatra was then restored to the throne and again married to her brother, Ptolemy XIV. It was 47 BC, and Cleopatra was 22 years old, and Ptolemy XIV was 12. Cleopatra again acted as sole ruler, and this time managed to keep Ptolemy XIV from influence. Since Arsinoe IV was considered a traitor, Cyprus was now under the direct rule of Cleopatra
Cleopatra chose to show Caesar her country with a cruise on the Nile. Records of the cruise give us little information on their trip, but it is very likely that Cleopatra became pregnant while she was in Alexandria with Caesar or during their trip. She claimed Caesar was the father. Caesar had only one child; a daughter named Julia, and had had many affairs with women that never produced children.
Caesar's alleged son was probably born in 47 BC. Most sources roughly claim this as his birth year, though some sources claim he was born as late as 44 BC, which would place his birth after Caesar's death. If he was born in 47 BC, Caesar had left for Rome shortly before his birth. Cleopatra's son was officially named Ptolemy XV Caesar, but he was popularly called "Caesarion", meaning "Little Caesar".
Caesar had taken prisoner Arsinoe IV. Arsinoe IV appeared in Caesar's March of Triumph in 46 BC. She was marched through the streets of Rome loaded down with chains. Caesar arranged for Arsinoe IV to leave Rome instead of being beheaded. She went to Ephesus, in Asia Minor. Cleopatra most likely did not attend the Triumph because her presence there does not seem to appear in any ancient documents. Her presence would have caused quite a stir and would have been recorded by her contemporaries.
Cleopatra, Ptolemy XIV and Caesarion went to Rome as Caesar's guests in 46 BC, and they stayed in a villa of his outside of Rome. Cleopatra remained in Rome for about 2 years.
On the Ides of March in 44 BC, Caesar was assassinated outside the Senate Building in Rome. Most of the senators thought he posed a threat to the well being of the republic. They believed that