Biological determinism
general theory holding that a group's biological or genetic makeup shapes its social, political, and economic destiny.
Dichotomy
division or contrast between two things that are or are represented as being opposed or entirely different; opposites.
Dominant Culture
values, symbols, means of expression, language, and interests of the people in power
Feminism
"A movement to end sexism, sexist exploitation and oppression." ~ bell hooks.
Feminine
of or relating to women/suggestive or characteristic of women
Gender Roles
roles and behaviors considered culturally appropriate for women or men.
Heteronormativity
portrayal of the institution of heterosexuality, its norms and practices, as natural and inevitable.
Masculine
of or relating to men/suggestive or characteristic of men
Ideology
the ideas and manner of thinking characteristic of a group/culture, social class, or individual. The body of ideas reflecting the social needs and aspirations of an individual, group, class, or culture. The dominant ideology comprises the ideas, attitudes, and values that represent the ideas and interest of the dominant group(s).
Levels of analysis
micro, meso, macro and global
Micro
connections among people and issues as seen from a personal or individual perspective.
Meso
relationships among issues, individuals, and groups as viewed from a community, or local, perspective.
Macro
relationships among issues, individuals, and groups as viewed from a national institutional perspective.
Misogyny
hatred or fear of women
Objectification
attitudes and behaviors by which people are treated as if they were "things"
Patriarchy
a family, social group or society in which men hold power and are dominant figures in a system that incorporates unequal access to power and is largely governed by men. It can, and does, oppress both men and women.
Privilege
advantages people have by virtue of their status or position in society
Sexism
discrimination based on gender, or attitudes, conditions, or behaviors that promote stereotyping of social roles based on gender. Book definition: attitudes, actions, and institutional practices that subordinate women because of their gender.
Socialization
process of learning interpersonal and interactional skill that is in conformity with the values of one's society.
Social Location
social features of one's identity incorporating individual, community, societal, and global factors such as gender, class, ability, sexual orientation, age, and so on.
Social constructionism
view that concepts that appear to be immutable and often solely biological, such as gender, race, and sexual orientation, are defined by human beings and can vary, depending on the social and historical contexts.
Stereotype
conventional, formulaic, and oversimplified conception, opinion, or image; one that is considered to conform or embody a set image or type.
Structural inequality
One category of people (e.g. race, gender, religion) are attributed an unequal status in relation to other categories of people.
Subjectivity
form of understanding in which knowledge and meaning are grounded in people's lived experience. (more in book definition)
Subjugated Knowledge
knowledge generated from positions of subordination.
Theory
people's attempts to explain/understand how things are and why they are that way.
Essentialism
View that people have some inherent essence, or characteristic and qualities, that define them
Hegemony
dominant organizing principle or the permeation throughout society of the ruling elite's values, attitudes, beliefs, and morality. To the extent that some people internalize this prevailing consciousness, it appears normal
Internalized
prejudices that are assimilated, integrated, or incorporated into our thoughts and behaviors
Intersectionality
An integrative perspective and analytical framework that illuminates how gender, class, nation, sexuality, religion and other categories of identity, power, privilege, and oppression interconnect to affect the lives of individuals and groups and social, economic, and political phenomena at community, societal, and global levels.
Marginality
A situation in which one person has a deep connection to more than one culture, community, or social group but is not completely able to identify with or be accepted by that group as an insider
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