It is a matter of greatest pride for me that I have done my project work from United Spirits Limited Rosa, Shahjahanpur (UP), a part of world famous UB Group. This work of mine is the result of my concern regarding the biggest challenge facing all over the world i. e. industrial waste like spent wash I want to share my deepest gratitude to Mr. Devender Saxena Manager Personnel Management, United Spirits Limited Rosa, who allowed me to do my project work, and gave proper information about the industry. I am very much thankful to Mr. D. S.
Yadav Senior Process Manager, United Spirits Limited Rosa, for his patronage and parental affection. He guided me time to time. I am also very much thankful to Mr. Abhishek Chhabra Process Manager, United Spirits Limited Rosa, for his humanistic and supportive attitude, he guided me and monitored my work daily, and give me detailed information about every process and analysis. In the last but not the least I want to share my special thanks to Mr. Dharamveer Singh, Supervisor Biogas Generation plant United Spirits Limited Rosa, and Mr. G. C. Pant, they always guided me to do my work sincerely and I am thankful to all the members of ETP.
United Breweries is India's largest producer of beer with a market share of around 52% by volume. The group is headed by Dr. Vijay Mallya who is also a member of the Indian Parliament. United Breweries now has greater than a 59% share of the Indian brewing market with 79 distilleries and bottling units across the world. Recently UB financed a takeover of the spirits business of the rival Shaw-Wallace company giving it a majority share of India's spirits business. The group owns the Mendocino Brewing Company in the United States
United Spirits ltd. Rosa Distillery situated in Shahjahanpur district of Uttar Pradesh. This is the unit of United Breweries Group. The amount of ENA (extra natural alcohol) produced here is 30 kl/day, with consumption of about 1500 quintal molasses per day. There is also a bottling unit for some famous brands of liquor by United Spirits ltd. like McDowell, Signature, Royal Challenge, Bagpiper etc. Due to this massive process of alcohol production there is also huge generation of waste water generally known as spent wash, which is about 360 cubic meters per day.
For the treatment of this waste there is a spent wash based biogas generation plant with capacity of about 400 cubic meters/day. This plant can produce the maximum of 15000 N cubic meter of bio gas per day in favorable conditions, this amount of Biogas is sufficient for running of boiler used for electricity generation of various processes of the plant. There is a large bio composting field, where bio composting is done by using raw material Press Mud and treated effluent from the bio gas plant, this practice enables the industry for Zero Waste Discharge, a dream for every industry.
WHAT IS BIO GAS In present scenario the cost of conventional energy is increasing day by day and demand for such energy sources is also rising so it has become necessary to utilizing bio-gas as a fuel for domestic and industrial purpose is the most economical reliable and time tested method for conserving energy. Bio gas is also known as swamp gas, sewer gas, fuel gas, marsh gas, wet gas and in India more commonly as gobar gas. Bio-gas consists of 60-65% methane (CH4), 35-40%. Carbon dioxide (CO2) and traces of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) ammonia (NH3).
The first person to observe the phenomenon of Biomethanation was Alessondro Volta of Italy was back to 1776 he wrote to a friend to that consumables air was being produced continuously in lakes and ponds in the variety of Como in northern Italy. Volta observed that when he distributed the bottom sediment of the lake, bubbles of gas would rise to surface. He also noticed that more bubbles come of when sediment contains more plant material. In 1806 William Henry showed that Volta’s gas was identical with methane gas was identical with methane gas. Humphrey Davy in the early 1800’s observed that methane was present in farmyard manure pieces.