Preface Artificial Intelligence is about natural information processing systems as well as artificial systems, and not just about how they perceive, learn and think, but also about what they want and how they feel. It has already had a profound Impact on the study of human minds. The concept of artificial Intelligence began with an ambitious research agenda that was to make machines with some of the traits we value most highly in ourselves: the ability to reason, problem solving capacity, creativity and the capability to learn from experience.
The field was founded on the claim that a central reporter of humans, intelligence, can be simulated by a machine. Fifty years later, problem-solving machines are a familiar presence in our daily life. Artificial intelligence research is highly technical and specialized, deeply divided into subfields. Some of the division is due to social and cultural factors: subfields have grown up around particular institutions and the work of Individual researchers. This research Is also divided by several technical Issues. There are subfields which are focused on the solution of specific problems.
According to Hans Moravia, an expert n the subject of Intelligent machines, "By 2050 robot "brains" based on computers that execute 100 trillion Instructions per second will start rivaling human Intelligence. "l am convinced that the decades-old dream of a useful, general-purpose autonomous robot will be realized in the not too distant future. By 2010 we will see mobile robots as big as people but with cognitive abilities similar in many respects to those of a lizard. The machines will be capable of carrying out simple chores, such as vacuuming, dusting, delivering packages and taking out the garbage.
By 2040, I live, we will finally achieve the original goal of robotics and a thematic mainstay of science fiction: a freely moving machine with the intellectual capabilities of a human being. " Table of Contents Preface 2 "Introduction to AAA" 4 What is Artificial Intelligence? 5 History 5 Traits of an Intelligent Machine 11 The power of reasoning 12 Knowledge Representation 12 Planning Machine learning 12 Natural language processing 13 Motion and manipulation 13 Perception 13 Social Intelligence 13 Application of AAA 14 Finance 15 Heavy Industry 15 Customer Support 15 Music 16 Aviation 16 Chapter 1 "Introduction to AAA"
What is Artificial Intelligence? "Exactly what the computer provides is the ability not to be rigid and unthinking but, rather, to behave conditionally. That is what it means to apply knowledge to action: It means to let the action taken reflect knowledge of the situation, to be sometimes this way, sometimes that, as appropriate... In sum, technology can be controlled especially if it is saturated with intelligence to watch over how it goes, to keep accounts, to prevent errors, and to provide wisdom to each decision. Allen Newell, from Fairy Tales Artificial intelligence (AAA) refers to the intelligence of canines or software, and is also considered to be that branch of computer science that studies and develops intelligent machines and software. It is the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines. John McCarthy, who came up with this term in 1955, defined it as "the science and engineering of making intelligent machines".
History The concept of Artificial Intelligence and machines with partial human intelligence goes back to as long as Greek mythology. Intelligent artifacts appear in literature nice then, with real (and imaginary) mechanical devices shown to behave with some degree of intelligence. Greek myths of Hyphenates, the blacksmith who manufactured mechanical servants, the bronze man Talks and many other myths in antiquity involve human-like artifacts. Many mechanical toys and models were actually constructed, e. G. , by Archways of Tarantula, Hero, Deals and other real persons.
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