AP World: Notes on the Early Modern World Who's driving? Silver was a newly traded and highly valued item the world had not yet seen in depth. The Spanish and the Dutch had most of the silver, but because during this time period it was considered the accepted medium for trade goods, nearly all the silver ended up in China. Spain was dominant over Mexico and Peru so it naturally had much silver that put them in a role of power. Japan also claimed a hand in the silver market. Silver and Europe drove the first global market.
However many historians believe hat it was actually China that drove the global market due to the fact they were so self sufficient and rarely ever needed any goods from outside their own country. This silver distribution in turn had an effect on Africa by slaves being traded for silver as well as an impact upon Europe who struggled to maintain dominance over Japanese silver production as well as impacted the Americas because Europe had an iron fist held over their heads. Why did China need the silver? Because the paper currency had become worthless during the Mining dynasty, so a new one was needed to collect taxes.
The long term effect was that the value of silver went down while gold, porcelain and silk rose. When this happen economies all over the world were forced to become more independent without relying on the Chinese for all their goods. Sweet Nexus During this time period goods such as coffee, tea, sugar, tobacco and cocoa all became incredibly popular and valued by the rich. Sugar especially was a luxury good introduced to western Asia and Europe during the Middle Ages. Sugar plantations were prominently created on the Persian Gulf and islands like Cyprus ND Sicily.
Sugar became so big due to the fact it grew in warm climates, needed a huge labor force for intensive care and was highly acclaimed and wanted all around the world. It connected every part and social status the world had to offer. For Europe, sugar was a staple, seeing as it could be grown in places like Spain and Portugal, the Europeans could finally grow and produce something to trade, it impacted the Americas and Africa by mariners in Europe circumnavigating and trading their sugar. Black labor and white sugar can be used to describe the racial vides which begun during this time.
The big 5 France, England, Netherlands, Spain, Portugal. The Bruits most of all appreciated the production of sugar for their enormous consumption of tea. Unfortunately the British consumption of sweetened tea and bread did little to exaggerate their wealth but rather their poverty and the lack of nutrition they had become accustomed to in their diets. With these goods came triangular trade which interconnected the entire world and kept the global market flowing. Primitive Accumulation In South America other goods were traded as well.
A major one can be found in Brazil, Broadsword was used for dye and its boom was brief but its harvest was difficult. Like much of the rest of the world, naturally Europe tried to take control of this natural resource but could not easily find local labor. The Portuguese found that the only way would be to enslave their hosts and force the Brazilian to work for them. With little success the Europeans were forced to turn to sugar. But this exemplifies the social inequality that the old world brought to the new world. Stearns Slavery and Human Society-
In many places slavery was a second form of labor source but in others it became the predominant labor force. Chattel slavery was when the person was denied a sense of belonging in society. Throughout history it has been a human pattern to enslave "others" or outsiders that may look and speak differently from their own norm. By the end of the 18th century a push for the abolition of slavery swept through the globe, though some forms still continuing on into the 20th century. Africans became the prominent source of slaves in the new world, the African slave trade being one of the iris true international trades.
Plantations were also called haciendas and in agriculture the encomia system. In Africa there was already a pre-existing slave system, specifically the Assent/Daytime (slave states along the coast) and competition arises between these states. The African population decreased due to the masses being sold to various countries, with that came political ramifications. West Indian Slave Holding- Treatment of slaves in places such as Antigen got worse in worse, as time passed and sugar plantations grew the more populous slaves became.
Soon there was nothing to hold back the slaves' masters from beating them to death as their estate system waved off their charges of murder. The slaves had no choice but to work or face serious consequences. Ongoing Change in Commerce and Manufacturing- There came a time when Rupee's new colonies in the Americas proved to be extremely important for daily life as it contained many of the goods they wished to have. It spiraled into mass consumerism in Western society. Agriculture improved drastically, minimizing the time the soil was left idle to re-fertilize.
Stockbreeders improved, new tools improved productivity, and the spread of the potato helped tremendously. The America's geography benefited them so much, silver, water, mercury. Innovation and Instability- Changes in popular beliefs were fed by new economic structures which encouraged a reevaluation of the family and the roles of the children. Commercial, cultural and political changes were sweeping the land. Children had more freedom and were taught to value their self worth and enlightenment ideas raised thoughts on liberty and equality.