Socrates and Aristotle were both Greek philosophers who contributed philosophies. Socrates believed that all people contained real knowledge within them and that self critical examination was needed to bring this knowledge out. Socrates once stated, “The unexamined life is not worth living. ” In this philosophical idea, Socrates is suggesting that an individual, who chooses to not think about their own actions, does not truly care about their own life.
Aristotle believed in the concept of examining individual objects and being able to perceive their form and establish universal principles. These principles did not exist as a separate higher world of reality beyond material things, but were apart of things themselves. Aristotle has stated, “Since human reason is the most godlike part of human nature, a life guided by human reason is superior to any other…. For man, this is the life of reason, since the faculty of reason is the distinguishing characteristic of human beings. Aristotle is suggesting that an individual who logically thinks about their actions before acting on them, are more superior than those who act without thinking because thinking before acting causes less harm and it shows a person who cares for both themselves and others. These philosophical ideas about self examination on thoughts and actions have come a long way. All individuals think in new and advanced ways and frequently think about both consequences and benefits before acting upon ideas. Greek dramas and the Olympics have contributed to the different forms of entertainment.
Greek plays were originally either tragic or comedic. Greek plays were universally themed. They were based on problems such as the conflict between spiritual values and the demands of the state or family, the nature of good and evil, the rights of the individual, the nature of divine forces, and the nature of human beings. Greek comedies made fun of politicians and intellectuals. Greek dramas also taught values. For example, the play Antigone by Sophocles was about a woman named Antigone who defied the king’s orders and buried her brother, who was killed leading a rebellion.
This Greek play expressed the values of family and respect. Greek dramas have been contributions because they were the building blocks of movies, more plays and other forms of entertainment. Over time, they have become more creative with more actors and more colorful costumes. In classical Greece, there were only three actors with masks to show different characters. The Olympics have also made a huge impact. The Olympics was a huge event where specifically males participated in various competitive events.
Discus throwing was a popular event in which people competed to see who could throw a large stone disc the farthest. The Olympics have been a contribution because it is a much more popular and larger event today. In today’s era, the Olympics are played every four years. A wide range of competitions and sports have been added to the Olympics and it is participated in world wide. Greek mathematical and scientific ideas have also been a large contribution. Euclid, a Greek mathematician, wrote many theorems. His theorems have been very substantial because they are included in today’s mathematical problems.
One of his theorems include “If two straight lines cut one another, the vertical, or opposite, angles shall be equal. ” This specific theorem is used in proofs and it proves that all vertical angles are equal. Hippocrates was a Greek physician who created the Hippocratic Oath. This oath is given to all medical doctors in order to protect all patients. This oath promises that all patients shall be helped and treated and never purposely harmed. Euclid’s theorems and Hippocrates’ oath are contributions because they are used today and are used to solve a problem and protect a person’s health.